The effects of live patterned sensory enhancement on group exercise participation and mood in older adults in rehabilitation

Clark, Imogen N., Baker, Felicity and Taylor, Nicholas F. (2012) The effects of live patterned sensory enhancement on group exercise participation and mood in older adults in rehabilitation. Journal of Music Therapy, 49 2: 180-204.

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Author Clark, Imogen N.
Baker, Felicity
Taylor, Nicholas F.
Title The effects of live patterned sensory enhancement on group exercise participation and mood in older adults in rehabilitation
Journal name Journal of Music Therapy   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-2917
Publication date 2012-06-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 49
Issue 2
Start page 180
End page 204
Total pages 25
Place of publication Silver Spring, MD, United States
Publisher American Music Therapy Association
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background:
Older adults in rehabilitation often experience barriers to exercise, which may impede recovery. Patterned sensory enhancement (PSE) is a neurologic music therapy intervention for sensorimotor rehabilitation. The use of live music during patterned sensory enhancement (live-PSE) may be particularly beneficial in meeting patient needs and improving older adults’ exercise participation and mood during
therapy.

Objective:

To examine the effects of live-PSE on exercise output, exercise adherence, ratings of perceived exertion, and mood for 24 older adult inpatients in a rehabilitation facility attending a group exercise program. 

Methods:

Using a within-subjects design, results from sessions involving exercise instruction and live-PSE (experimental condition) were compared with sessions of exercise instruction alone (control condition). A logbook documenting participant comments and behaviors was also maintained.

Results:

There were no significant between condition differences for the exercise outcome measures. Between condition session outcome measures for mood were non-significant for all profiles except confusion,  which suggested that some participants might have become more confused during sessions with live-PSE. Unsolicited participant comments and behaviors recorded in the logbook indicated that 21 participants perceived experimental sessions positively, 2 reacted
negatively, and 1 did not express any preferences. 

Conclusions:

Live-PSE did not significantly improve exercise outcomes and there were indications of increased confusion during experimental sessions for some participants. However, participant comments and behaviors also suggested positive experiences during sessions with live-PSE. Further research to investigate these discrepant results is warranted, and might best be explored using a mixed methods
approach.
Keyword Patterned sensory enhancement
Older adults
Exercise
Mood
Music therapy
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Music Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 26 Sep 2012, 15:30:43 EST by Dr Felicity Baker on behalf of School of Music