High-velocity impact comminution of magnetite

Meech, John, Sadrai, Sepehr and Zadeh, Bahador Mousavi (2012). High-velocity impact comminution of magnetite. In: Proceedings: IPMM 2012. IPMM2012 7th International Conference on Intelligent Processing and Manufacturing of Materials, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, (386-394). 2-3 September 2012. doi:10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.805.386

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Author Meech, John
Sadrai, Sepehr
Zadeh, Bahador Mousavi
Title of paper High-velocity impact comminution of magnetite
Conference name IPMM2012 7th International Conference on Intelligent Processing and Manufacturing of Materials
Conference location Foz do Iguacu, Brazil
Conference dates 2-3 September 2012
Proceedings title Proceedings: IPMM 2012   Check publisher's open access policy
Journal name Materials Science Forum   Check publisher's open access policy
Place of Publication Sao Paulo, Brazil
Publisher University of Sao Paulo
Publication Year 2012
Sub-type Fully published paper
DOI 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.805.386
ISBN 9783038352365
ISSN 0255-5476
Volume 805
Start page 386
End page 394
Total pages 23
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
Conventional comminution (crushing and grinding) uses compressive forces to initiate and propagate cracks throughout the rock mass, yet the material actually breaks under tension since this strength characteristic is about 10 percent of the compressive strength. Converting a compressive force into a tensile one is inefficient - of the order of 1 to 2 percent. On the other hand, blasting shows energy efficiencies of the order of 10 to 20%. Part of this difference is due to forces being applied directly in tension (from the inside-out), but also because the velocity of impact is orders of magnitude higher (10,000 m·s-1 versus 10 m-s-1 ) , i.e., the rate of energy input is very high (micro-seconds vs. seconds in conventional comminution). This paper reports on studies that show how the energy efficiency of comminution can be enhanced by high-velocity impact. This research project has carried out investigations into the relationship between energy efficiency with energy input level and impact velocity during rock fragmentation by metal projectiles. The project has also examined rock-on-rock breakage.

Samples of magnetite particles of varying weights and size distributions were impacted by projectiles at velocities from 50 m·s-1 to 400 m·s-1. The specific surface area ofthe sample was measured before and after each experiment, and the energy recovered as new surface energy (energy efficiency) was calculated. The results indicate that energy efficiency increases to about 5% as impact velocity enters the range from 200 to 300m ·s-1. This efficiency is over 3 times that observed in conventional comminution. Above this velocity, the efficiency begins to fall off although significant comminution at higher than normal efficiencies are still attained. The improvement results from both increased rate of energy input and increased impact velocity.

Rock-on-rock impacts using a glass projectile shows that the energy of new surface generation is distributed between the projectile and the sample to a combined level similar to that of the steelon- rock tests in which all the useful energy is retained within the sample. Suggestions are given as to how this energy improvement could be scaled-up into an impact crusher.
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Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Conference Paper
Collections: Julius Kruttschnitt Mineral Research Centre Publications
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Created: Mon, 24 Sep 2012, 09:16:27 EST by Karen Holtham on behalf of Julius Kruttschnitt Mineral Research Centre