Glycemic index, glycemic load and endometrial cancer risk: results from the Australian National Endometrial Cancer study and an updated systematic review and meta-analysis

Nagle, Christina M., Olsen, Catherine M., Ibiebele, Torukiri I., Spurdle, Amanda B., Webb, Penelope M., The Australian National Endometrial Cancer Study Group and The Australian Ovarian Cancer Study Group (2013) Glycemic index, glycemic load and endometrial cancer risk: results from the Australian National Endometrial Cancer study and an updated systematic review and meta-analysis. European Journal of Nutrition, 52 2: 705-715.

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Author Nagle, Christina M.
Olsen, Catherine M.
Ibiebele, Torukiri I.
Spurdle, Amanda B.
Webb, Penelope M.
The Australian National Endometrial Cancer Study Group
The Australian Ovarian Cancer Study Group
Total Author Count Override 363
Title Glycemic index, glycemic load and endometrial cancer risk: results from the Australian National Endometrial Cancer study and an updated systematic review and meta-analysis
Journal name European Journal of Nutrition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1436-6207
Publication date 2013-03
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s00394-012-0376-7
Volume 52
Issue 2
Start page 705
End page 715
Total pages 11
Place of publication Heidelberg, Germany
Publisher Springer Medizin
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract Purpose
The relationship between habitual consumption of foods with a high glycemic index (GI) and/or a diet with a high glycemic load (GL) and risk of endometrial cancer is uncertain, and relatively few studies have investigated these associations. The objectives of this study were to examine the association between GI/GL and risk of endometrial cancer using data from an Australian population-based case–control study and systematically review all the available evidence to quantify the magnitude of the association using meta-analysis.

Methods

The case–control study included 1,290 women aged 18–79 years with newly diagnosed, histologically confirmed endometrial cancer and 1,436 population controls. Controls were selected to match the expected Australian state of residence and age distribution (in 5-year bands) of cases. For the systematic review, relevant studies were identified by searching PubMed and Embase databases through to July 2011. Random-effects models were used to calculate the summary risk estimates, overall and dose–response.

Results
In our case–control study, we observed a modest positive association between high dietary GI (OR 1.43, 95 % CI 1.11–1.83) and risk of endometrial cancer, but no association with high dietary GL (OR 1.15, 95 % CI 0.90–1.48). For the meta-analysis, we collated information from six cohort and two case–control studies, involving a total of 5,569 cases. The pooled OR for the highest versus the lowest intake category of GI was 1.15 (0.95–1.40); however, there was significant heterogeneity (p 0.004) by study design (RR 1.00 [95 % CI 0.87–1.14] for cohort studies and 1.56 [95 % CI 1.21–2.02] for case–control studies). There was no association in the dose–response meta-analysis of GI (RR per 5 unit/day increment of GI 1.00, 95 % CI 0.97–1.03). GL was positively associated with endometrial cancer. The pooled RR for the highest versus the lowest GL intake was 1.21 (95 % CI 1.09–1.33) and 1.06 (95 % CI 1.01–1.11) per 50 unit/day increment of GL in the dose–response meta-analysis.

Conclusion

The pooled results from observational studies, including our case–control results, provide evidence of a modest positive association between high GL, but not GI, and endometrial cancer risk
Keyword Glycemic load
Glycemic index
Case–control
Dose–response meta-analysis
Endometrial cancer
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online: 22 May 2012

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Population Health Publications
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 17 Sep 2012, 12:35:12 EST by Matthew Lamb on behalf of School of Medicine