Training Mode-Dependent Changes in Motor Performance in Neck Pain

O'Leary, Shaun, Jull, Gwendolen, Kim, Mehwa, Uthaikhup, Sureeporn and Vicenzino, Bill (2012) Training Mode-Dependent Changes in Motor Performance in Neck Pain. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 93 7: 1225-1233. doi:10.1016/j.apmr.2012.02.018

Author O'Leary, Shaun
Jull, Gwendolen
Kim, Mehwa
Uthaikhup, Sureeporn
Vicenzino, Bill
Title Training Mode-Dependent Changes in Motor Performance in Neck Pain
Journal name Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0003-9993
Publication date 2012-07
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.apmr.2012.02.018
Open Access Status
Volume 93
Issue 7
Start page 1225
End page 1233
Total pages 9
Place of publication Maryland Heights, MO, United States
Publisher W.B. Saunders Co.
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: To determine whether changes in motor performance after a course of exercise in patients with mechanical neck pain (MNP) were dependent on the primary behavioral demand of the exercise performed.
Design: Randomized controlled trial.
Setting: University laboratory.
Participants: Volunteers (N=60; 35 women, 25 men; mean age, 37.9y) with chronic MNP participated in the study.
Intervention: Exercise targeted to improve cervical motor performance including endurance training (ETr; n=20), coordination training (CTr; n=20), and active mobility training (n=20).
Main Outcome Measures: Changes in the cervical motor performance domains of strength, endurance, coordination, and active mobility were evaluated immediately after the 10-week training program, and at a 26-week follow-up.
Results: Between-group comparisons revealed significantly greater gains in endurance (P<.02) by the ETr group, and significantly greater gains in coordination (P<.01) by the CTr group. All 3 groups had improvement in pain (P<.01) and disability (P<.01).
Conclusions: Changes in motor performance in individuals with MNP in response to an exercise program were dependent on the specific mode of exercise performed, with minimal improvement in other domains of motor performance.
Keyword Exercise therapy
Neck muscles
Neck pain
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
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