Nonuniform alongshore currents and sediment transport : a one dimensional approach

Gourlay, M. R. (Michael Richard) Nonuniform alongshore currents and sediment transport : a one dimensional approach. St. Lucia: University of Queensland, 1982.

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Author Gourlay, M. R. (Michael Richard)
Title Nonuniform alongshore currents and sediment transport : a one dimensional approach
Place of Publication St. Lucia
Publisher University of Queensland
Publication year 1982
Sub-type Other
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Series Research report (University of Queensland. Dept. of Civil Engineering) ; no.CE 31
Language eng
Total number of pages 67
Subjects 290800 Civil Engineering
Formatted Abstract/Summary


The theory of nonuniform alongshore currents is reviewed for the one dimensional ease neglecting convective acceleration terms and assuming variations in surf zone width are negligible. An equation for the alongshore current velocity which takes account of the relative effects of the breaker angle and an alongshore wave height gradient is obtained. The magnitudes of the two constants Kθ and K∆H in this equation are found to depend upon both the particular representative velocity selected and the amount of lateral mixing within the surf zone. Recent field and laboratory data are used to obtain the magnitude of lateral mixing factors for various representative surf zone velocities and to estimate the average value of the friction factor fwc as well as of the ratio (tan α)/fwc.
The CERC-Scripps formula for alongshore transport is modified to include the effect of an alongshore wave height gradient as well as the effect of breaker angle. The resulting equation .has two constants, a scale factor Ks for the alongshore transport rate and the constant K∆H which determines the proper balance between the two driving force terms. The magnitude of Ks is a function of breaker type. Potential causes of error in computing the alongshore sediment transport from this one dimensional "black box" type of equation are discussed. 

Keyword Sediment Transport
Q-Index Code AX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

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Created: Thu, 16 Aug 2012, 11:17:29 EST by Mr Lachlan Wong on behalf of The University of Queensland Library