Attentional asymmetries in a visual orienting task are related to temperament

Garner, Kelly G., Dux, Paul E, Wagner, Joe, Cummins Tarrant D. R., Chambers, Christopher D. and Bellgrove Mark A. (2012) Attentional asymmetries in a visual orienting task are related to temperament. Cognition and Emotion, 26 8: 1508-1515. doi:10.1080/02699931.2012.666205


Author Garner, Kelly G.
Dux, Paul E
Wagner, Joe
Cummins Tarrant D. R.
Chambers, Christopher D.
Bellgrove Mark A.
Title Attentional asymmetries in a visual orienting task are related to temperament
Journal name Cognition and Emotion   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0269-9931
1464-0600
Publication date 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/02699931.2012.666205
Volume 26
Issue 8
Start page 1508
End page 1515
Total pages 8
Place of publication Hove, E. Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Psychology Press
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Abstract Spatial asymmetries are an intriguing feature of directed attention. Recent observations indicate an influence of temperament upon the direction of these asymmetries. It is unknown whether this influence generalises to visual orienting behaviour. The aim of the current study was therefore to explore the relationship between temperament and measures of spatial orienting as a function of target hemifield. An exogenous cueing task was administered to 92 healthy participants. Temperament was assessed using Carver and White's (1994) Behavioural Inhibition System and Behavioural Activation System (BIS/BAS) scales. Individuals with high sensitivity to punishment and low sensitivity to reward showed a leftward asymmetry of directed attention when there was no informative spatial cue provided. This asymmetry was not present when targets were preceded by spatial cues that were either valid or invalid. The findings support the notion that individual variations in temperament influence spatial asymmetries in visual orienting, but only when lateral targets are preceded by a non-directional (neutral) cue. The results are discussed in terms of hemispheric asymmetries and dopamine activity.
Keyword Temperament
Attention asymmetry
Behavioural Inhibition System
Behavioural Activation System
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published under Brief Report

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Queensland Brain Institute Publications
Official 2013 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 06 Aug 2012, 15:44:05 EST by Debra McMurtrie on behalf of Queensland Brain Institute