The age of permanent tooth emergence in children of different ethnic origin in the Auckland region: A cross-sectional study

Kanagaratnam, Sathananthan and Schluter, Philip J. (2012) The age of permanent tooth emergence in children of different ethnic origin in the Auckland region: A cross-sectional study. New Zealand Dental Journal, 108 2: 55-61.

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Author Kanagaratnam, Sathananthan
Schluter, Philip J.
Title The age of permanent tooth emergence in children of different ethnic origin in the Auckland region: A cross-sectional study
Journal name New Zealand Dental Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0028-8047
Publication date 2012-06
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 108
Issue 2
Start page 55
End page 61
Total pages 7
Place of publication Auckland, New Zealand
Publisher New Zealand Dental Association
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract OBJECTIVES: To report robust and contemporary estimates of permanent teeth emergence ages in children of Māori, Pasifika, Chinese, Indian and European ethnic origin in the Auckland region.
DESIGN: A stratified, two-stage cross-sectional study. Strata were defined by school decile status. Schools defined the first-stage sampling unit, and students the second stage.
SETTING: Invitations and consent forms were distributed to eligible participants at school for completion at home. Participants were examined at school-based clinics or in a mobile clinic. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, AND METHODS: Children aged between 5 and 13 years enrolled within the Auckland Regional Dental Service. Schools were randomly selected and then all students within selected schools were invited to participate. Eligible participants completing a consent form had an additional tooth assessment that complemented their routine dental examination. A generalised gamma failure-time model was employed to estimate permanent tooth eruption ages.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Visually based assessment of permanent tooth emergence.
RESULTS: Overall, 3,466 children participated. Differences in median permanent tooth emergence ages were seen among ethnic groups and sexes (P < or = 0.01). Pasifika children had earlier median eruption time than sex-matched Māori children, who (in turn) were more advanced than sex-matched European children. Median eruption age occurred earlier in girls than boys for all permanent teeth.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite known demographic, geographic and ethnic differences, estimates of permanent teeth emergence timing widely used in New Zealand are based on historical overseas populations. The presented estimates provide new standards and may be more appropriate for dental therapists and dentists when assessing permanent teeth emergence in New Zealand children.
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Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Nursing and Midwifery Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 02 Aug 2012, 09:26:15 EST by Vicki Percival on behalf of School of Nursing and Midwifery