Is intergenerational social mobility related to the type and amount of physical activity in mid-adulthood? Results from the 1946 British birth cohort study

Silverwood, Richard J., Pierce, Mary, Nitsch, Dorothea, Mishra, Gita D. and Kuh, Diana (2012) Is intergenerational social mobility related to the type and amount of physical activity in mid-adulthood? Results from the 1946 British birth cohort study. Annals of Epidemiology, 22 7: 487-498. doi:10.1016/j.annepidem.2012.03.002


Author Silverwood, Richard J.
Pierce, Mary
Nitsch, Dorothea
Mishra, Gita D.
Kuh, Diana
Title Is intergenerational social mobility related to the type and amount of physical activity in mid-adulthood? Results from the 1946 British birth cohort study
Journal name Annals of Epidemiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1047-2797
1873-2585
Publication date 2012-07
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.annepidem.2012.03.002
Volume 22
Issue 7
Start page 487
End page 498
Total pages 12
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA, United States
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Purpose: Greater levels of leisure-time or moderate-vigorous physical activity have consistently been found in those with greater socioeconomic position (SEP). Less is known about the effects of intergenerational social mobility.

Methods: We examined the influence of SEP and social mobility on mid-adulthood physical activity in the Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development. Two sub-domains of SEP were used: occupational class and educational attainment. Latent classes for walking, cycling, and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) were used, plus sedentary behavior at age 36. Associations between types of physical activity and SEP were examined with the use of logistic or multinomial logistic regression.

Results: Being a manual worker oneself or having a father who was a manual worker was, relative to nonmanual work, associated with lower levels of sedentary behavior and greater walking activity, but also with lower LTPA. Compared with those who remained in a manual occupational class, upward occupational mobility was associated with more sedentary behavior, less walking, and increased LTPA. Associations with downward mobility were in the opposite directions. Similar results were obtained for educational attainment.

Conclusions: This study found clear evidence of social differences in physical activity. Persistently high SEP and upward social mobility were associated with greater levels of LTPA but also increased sedentary behavior and less walking.
Keyword Cohort study
Education
Exercise
Leisure activities
Occupation
Physical activity
Social mobility
Socioeconomic position
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online: 23 April 2012.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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