Vitamin D and health in adults in Australia and New Zealand: A position statement

Nowson, Caryl A., McGrath, John J., Ebeling, Peter R., Haikerwal, Anjali, Daly, Robin M., Sanders, Kerrie M., Seibel, Markus J. and Mason, Rebecca S. (2012) Vitamin D and health in adults in Australia and New Zealand: A position statement. Medical Journal of Australia, 196 11: 686-687.


Author Nowson, Caryl A.
McGrath, John J.
Ebeling, Peter R.
Haikerwal, Anjali
Daly, Robin M.
Sanders, Kerrie M.
Seibel, Markus J.
Mason, Rebecca S.
Title Vitamin D and health in adults in Australia and New Zealand: A position statement
Journal name Medical Journal of Australia   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0025-729X
1326-5377
Publication date 2012-06
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.5694/mja11.10301
Volume 196
Issue 11
Start page 686
End page 687
Total pages 2
Place of publication Strawberry Hills, NSW, Australia
Publisher Australasian Medical Publishing Company
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract • The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency varies, with the groups at greatest risk including housebound, community-dwelling older and/or disabled people, those in residential care, dark-skinned people (particularly those modestly dressed), and other people who regularly avoid sun exposure or work indoors.
Most adults are unlikely to obtain more than 5%–10% of their vitamin D requirement from dietary sources. The main source of vitamin D for people residing in Australia and New Zealand is exposure to sunlight.
• A serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) level of ≥ 50 nmol/L at the end of winter (10–20 nmol/L higher at the end of summer, to allow for seasonal decrease) is required for optimal musculoskeletal health.
• Although it is likely that higher serum 25-OHD levels play a role in the prevention of some disease states, there is insufficient evidence from randomised controlled trials to recommend higher targets.
• For moderately fair-skinned people, a walk with arms exposed for 6–7 minutes mid morning or mid afternoon in summer, and with as much bare skin exposed as feasible for 7–40 minutes (depending on latitude) at noon in winter, on most days, is likely to be helpful in maintaining adequate vitamin D levels in the body.
• When sun exposure is minimal, vitamin D intake from dietary sources and supplementation of at least 600 IU (15 μg) per day for people aged ≤ 70 years and 800 IU (20 μg) per day for those aged > 70 years is recommended. People in high-risk groups may require higher doses.
• There is good evidence that vitamin D plus calcium supplementation effectively reduces fractures and falls in older men and women.
Q-Index Code CX
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Non HERDC
Queensland Brain Institute Publications
School of Medicine Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 27 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 32 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 37 Abstract Views  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Mon, 23 Jul 2012, 17:03:58 EST by System User on behalf of School of Medicine