Thermal stability of nanocrystallized surface produced by surface mechanical attrition treatment in aluminum alloys

Chang, H. W., Kelly, P. M., Shi, Y. N. and Zhang, M. X. (2012) Thermal stability of nanocrystallized surface produced by surface mechanical attrition treatment in aluminum alloys. Surface & Coatings Technology, 206 19-20: 3970-3980. doi:10.1016/j.surfcoat.2012.03.069


Author Chang, H. W.
Kelly, P. M.
Shi, Y. N.
Zhang, M. X.
Title Thermal stability of nanocrystallized surface produced by surface mechanical attrition treatment in aluminum alloys
Journal name Surface & Coatings Technology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0257-8972
Publication date 2012-05
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2012.03.069
Volume 206
Issue 19-20
Start page 3970
End page 3980
Total pages 11
Place of publication Lausanne, Switzerland
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Abstract Nanostructured surface layers were produced on pure Al (AA196) and an Al-Si (A356) alloy plates using surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT) technique. Thermal stability of the refined grains in the nanocrystalline and sub-micron layers and in the adjacent deformation region induced by SMAT was investigated through characterization of the evolution of microstructure during post-SMAT annealing treatment within the temperature range from 150 to 370 °C for 1 and 24. h using both optical microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Experimental results show that, during the annealing process, within the deformation region, typical recrystallization occurs, but, destabilization of the nanocrystalline and the sub-micron grains within the nanostructured layer and the sub-micron layer takes place through direct grain coarsening. It was also found, in both pure Al and A356 alloy, that nanocrystalline grains that are associated with high angle grain boundaries have higher thermal stability than the grains that are separated by low angle grain boundaries in the sub-micron layer. The possible grain coarsening mechanisms of these two types of grains are discussed. In addition, compared to SMATed pure Al samples, the broken eutectic Si particles in the SMATed A356 alloy dramatically enhance the thermal stability of the nanocrystalline grains, but have little effect on the sub-micron grains. Furthermore, it was also found that the thermal stability of the nanostructured grains in the SMATed affected zone in both alloys is independent on the SMAT duration.
Keyword Nanocrystalline grains
Thermal stability
Al alloys
Surface mechanical attrition treatment
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online: 3 April 2012.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Mechanical & Mining Engineering Publications
Official 2013 Collection
 
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