Using summary data from the Danish National Registers to estimate heritabilities for schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depressive disorder

Wray, Naomi R. and Gottesman, Irving I. (2012) Using summary data from the Danish National Registers to estimate heritabilities for schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depressive disorder. Frontiers in Applied Genetic Epidemiology, 3 JUL: 118.1-118.9. doi:10.3389/fgene.2012.00118

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Author Wray, Naomi R.
Gottesman, Irving I.
Title Using summary data from the Danish National Registers to estimate heritabilities for schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depressive disorder
Journal name Frontiers in Applied Genetic Epidemiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1664-8021
Publication date 2012-07-02
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3389/fgene.2012.00118
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 3
Issue JUL
Start page 118.1
End page 118.9
Total pages 9
Place of publication Lausanne, Switzerland
Publisher Frontiers Research Foundation
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Abstract Estimates of heritability of psychiatric disorders quantify the genetic contribution to their etiology. Estimation of these parameters requires affected status on probands and their family members. Traditionally, heritabilities have been estimated from families ascertained from specific hospital registers, but accumulating sufficient numbers of families can be difficult. Larger sample sizes are achievable from national registries, but calculation of heritability from individual level data from these data sets is accompanied by other problems. Here, we use published summary data from a national population-based cohort of >2.6 million persons in Denmark to estimate heritabilities of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depressive disorder (MDD). The summary data comprised cumulative incidences up to 52 years of age for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder and up to 51 years for MDD in offspring where either one or both parents were diagnosed with one of these disorders. Estimates of the heritabilities of the liability to developing schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and MDD are 0.67 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.64–0.71), 0.62 (95% CI 0.58–0.65), and 0.32 (95% CI 0.30–0.34) respectively. The estimates may be inflated by common environmental effects, but despite this, they are somewhat lower for schizophrenia and bipolar disorder than those estimated from contemporary twin samples. The lower estimates may reflect the diverse environments (including diagnostic interpretation) that contribute to national data, compared to twin/family studies. Our estimates are similar to those estimated previously from national data of Sweden, and they may be more representative of the international samples brought together for large-scale genome-wide association studies. We investigated the estimation of genetic correlations from these data. We used simulation to conclude that estimates may not be interpretable and so report them only in the Section “Appendix.”
Keyword Danish National Registry
Cumulative incidence
Risk to relatives
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article # 118

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Queensland Brain Institute Publications
Official 2013 Collection
 
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Created: Fri, 13 Jul 2012, 12:58:40 EST by Debra McMurtrie on behalf of Queensland Brain Institute