Synthetic fuels from biomass using concentrated solar energy - A review

Nzihou, Ange, Flamant, Gilles and Stanmore, Brian (2012) Synthetic fuels from biomass using concentrated solar energy - A review. Energy, 42 1: 121-131. doi:10.1016/j.energy.2012.03.077


Author Nzihou, Ange
Flamant, Gilles
Stanmore, Brian
Title Synthetic fuels from biomass using concentrated solar energy - A review
Journal name Energy   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0360-5442
1873-6785
Publication date 2012-06
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1016/j.energy.2012.03.077
Volume 42
Issue 1
Start page 121
End page 131
Total pages 11
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Abstract Biomass represents a renewable source for transport fuels when processed by gasification, followed by catalytic conversion of the syngas to liquids. The efficiency of biomass gasification can be improved by supplying process heat from concentrated solar systems, which can attain the required temperature of 900 °C. Various chemical routes and contacting configurations are reviewed. The challenges related to biomass-based processes are discussed. Heat and material balances are then deduced. The area of land required for growing biomass can be reduced using the application of thermal solar to one half of that needed for a standard gasification system. If hydrogen is generated by solar means in order to reduce carbon dioxide emissions to zero, the figure becomes one third. Examples of the land requirements for three different biomass materials are presented.
Keyword Biomass
Gasification
Concentrated solar energy
Solar fuels
Environmental impact
Q-Index Code CX
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes This Special Issue summarises the highlights of the Eight “World Energy System Conference” (WESC 2010), held in Targoviste, Romania, on July 1–3, 2010.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: School of Chemical Engineering Publications
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