Validity of the malnutrition screening tool for older adults at high risk of hospital readmission

Wu, Min-Lin, Courtney, Mary D., Shortridge-Baggett, Lillie M., Finlayson, Kathleen and Isenring, Elisabeth A. (2012) Validity of the malnutrition screening tool for older adults at high risk of hospital readmission. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 38 6: 38-45.


Author Wu, Min-Lin
Courtney, Mary D.
Shortridge-Baggett, Lillie M.
Finlayson, Kathleen
Isenring, Elisabeth A.
Title Validity of the malnutrition screening tool for older adults at high risk of hospital readmission
Journal name Journal of Gerontological Nursing   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0098-9134
1938-243X
Publication date 2012-06
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3928/00989134-20120509-03
Volume 38
Issue 6
Start page 38
End page 45
Total pages 4
Place of publication Thorofare, NJ, United States
Publisher Slack
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Abstract Malnutrition is a serious problem in older adults, particularly for those at risk of hospital readmission. The essential step in managing malnutrition is early identification using a valid nutrition screening tool. The purpose of this study was to validate the Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST) in older adults at high risk of hospital readmission. Two RNs administered the MST to identify malnutrition risk and compared it with the comprehensive Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) to assess nutritional status for patients 65 and older who had at least one risk factor for hospital readmission. The MST demonstrates substantial sensitivity, specificity, and agreement with the SGA. These findings indicate that nursing staff can use the MST as a valid tool for routine screening and rescreening to identify patients at risk of malnutrition. Use of the MST may prevent hospital-acquired malnutrition in acute hospitalized older adults at high risk of readmission.
Keyword Subjective Global Assessment
Nutritional Assessment Mna
Residential Aged Care
Medical Inpatients
Elderly-Patients
Prevalence
Undernutrition
Rehabilitation
Outpatients
Mortality
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Human Movement Studies Publications
 
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