Are marine reserves and non-consumptive activities compatible? A global analysis of marine reserve regulations

Thurstan, Ruth H., Hawkins, Julie P., Neves, Luiza and Roberts, Callum M. (2012) Are marine reserves and non-consumptive activities compatible? A global analysis of marine reserve regulations. Marine Policy, 36 5: 1096-1104.


Author Thurstan, Ruth H.
Hawkins, Julie P.
Neves, Luiza
Roberts, Callum M.
Title Are marine reserves and non-consumptive activities compatible? A global analysis of marine reserve regulations
Journal name Marine Policy   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0308-597X
1872-9460
Publication date 2012-09
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.marpol.2012.03.006
Volume 36
Issue 5
Start page 1096
End page 1104
Total pages 9
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Abstract Marine reserves are places where wildlife and habitats are protected from extractive and depositional uses of the sea. Although considered to be the pinnacle in marine conservation, many permit non-consumptive activities with little or no regulation. This paper examines the potential impacts of 16 non-consumptive activities including scuba diving, sailing, scientific research and motor boating, and how they might compromise the conservation objectives of marine reserves. Examination of 91 marine reserves from 36 countries found little agreement or consistency in what non-consumptive activities are permitted in marine reserves and how they are regulated. The two most common activities allowed without regulation were swimming (mentioned in 80% of marine reserves and allowed in 63% of these) and kayaking (mentioned in 85%, allowed in 53%). Scuba diving was mentioned in 91% and allowed without regulation in 41%. A risk score for the likely level of threat to wildlife and/or habitats that each activity could produce was then assigned based on effects reported in the literature. The risk analysis suggests that motor boating and activities which include or require it have a high potential to negatively impact wildlife and habitats if inadequately managed. Hence protection against extractive or depositional activities alone is insufficient to secure the high standard of protection usually assumed in marine reserves. For this to be achieved activities typically considered as benign must receive appropriate management, especially with increasing recreational use.
Keyword Marine protected areas
MPAs
Management effectiveness
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 2 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 2 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 43 Abstract Views  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Mon, 09 Jul 2012, 09:52:32 EST by System User on behalf of School of Biological Sciences