Perfectionistic profiles among elite athletes and differences in their motivational orientations

Gucciardi, Daniel F., Mahoney, John, Jalleh, Geoffrey, Donovan, Robert J. and Parkes, Jarred (2012) Perfectionistic profiles among elite athletes and differences in their motivational orientations. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 34 2: 159-183.

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Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Author Gucciardi, Daniel F.
Mahoney, John
Jalleh, Geoffrey
Donovan, Robert J.
Parkes, Jarred
Title Perfectionistic profiles among elite athletes and differences in their motivational orientations
Journal name Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0895-2779
Publication date 2012-04
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 34
Issue 2
Start page 159
End page 183
Total pages 25
Place of publication Champaign, IL, United States
Publisher Human Kinetics
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Although there is an emerging body of research that has examined perfectionistic clusters in the general population, few studies have explored such profiles in athlete samples. The purposes of this research were to explore perfectionistic profiles within a sample of elite athletes and the differences between them on key motivational variables. A sample of 423 elite athletes (179 males, 244 females) aged between 14 and 66 years (M = 25.64; SD = 8.57) from a variety of team (e.g., rowing, hockey, baseball, rugby) and individual sports (e.g., cycling, athletics, triathlon, gymnastics) completed a multisection questionnaire including measures of sport perfectionism, motivation regulation, achievement goals, and fear of failure. Cluster analyses revealed the existence of three perfectionism profiles, namely, nonperfectionists, maladaptive perfectionists, and adaptive perfectionists. Subsequent analyses generally supported the robustness of these perfectionism profiles in terms of differential motivational orientations (achievement goals, fear of failure, and motivation regulation) in hypothesized directions. Overall, the differences in motivational orientations between the three clusters supported a categorical conceptualization of perfectionism.
Keyword Categorical conceptualization
Achievement goals
Fear of failure
Cluster analysis
Person-centered analyses
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
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