Vulnerability of cloud forest reserves in Mexico to climate change

Ponce-Reyes, Rocío, Reynoso-Rosales, Víctor-Hugo, Watson, James E. M., VanDerWal, Jeremy, Fuller, Richard A., Pressey, Robert L. and Possingham, Hugh P. (2012) Vulnerability of cloud forest reserves in Mexico to climate change. Nature Climate Change, 2 6: 448-452.

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Author Ponce-Reyes, Rocío
Reynoso-Rosales, Víctor-Hugo
Watson, James E. M.
VanDerWal, Jeremy
Fuller, Richard A.
Pressey, Robert L.
Possingham, Hugh P.
Title Vulnerability of cloud forest reserves in Mexico to climate change
Journal name Nature Climate Change   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1758-678X
1758-6798
Publication date 2012-06
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1038/NCLIMATE1453
Volume 2
Issue 6
Start page 448
End page 452
Total pages 5
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Abstract Tropical montane cloud forests are among the most vulnerable terrestrial ecosystems to climate change1, 2, 3 owing to their restricted climatic requirements and their narrow and fragmented distribution4. Although 12% of Mexican cloud forest is protected, it is not known whether reserves will ensure the persistence of the ecosystem and its endemic species under climate change. Here, we show that 68% of Mexico’s cloud forest could vanish by 2080 because of climate change and more than 90% of cloud forest that is protected at present will not be climatically suitable for that ecosystem in 2080. Moreover, if we assume unprotected forests are cleared, 99% of the entire ecosystem could be lost through a combination of climate change and habitat loss, resulting in the extinction of about 70% of endemic cloud forest vertebrate species. Immediate action is required to minimize this loss—expansion of the protected-area estate in areas of low climate vulnerability is an urgent priority. Our analysis indicates that one key area for immediate protection is the Sierra de Juárez in Oaxaca. This area supports many endemic species and is expected to retain relatively large fragments of cloud forest despite rapid climate change.
Keyword Species Distributions
Conservation
Prediction
Extinction
Impacts
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published under Letters

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
 
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