Implications of an expertise model for surgical skills training

Abernethy, Bruce, Poolton, Jamie M., Masters, Rich S. W. and Patil, Niv G. (2008) Implications of an expertise model for surgical skills training. ANZ Journal of Surgery, 78 12: 1092-1095. doi:10.1111/j.1445-2197.2008.04756.x


Author Abernethy, Bruce
Poolton, Jamie M.
Masters, Rich S. W.
Patil, Niv G.
Title Implications of an expertise model for surgical skills training
Journal name ANZ Journal of Surgery   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1445-1433
1445-2197
Publication date 2008-12
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1111/j.1445-2197.2008.04756.x
Volume 78
Issue 12
Start page 1092
End page 1095
Total pages 4
Place of publication Richmond, Vic., Australia
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Abstract The search for improved, more efficacious means of teaching and training surgical skills is essentially a search for means to accelerate the transition of non-expert surgeons to expert surgeons and, in so doing, shorten the usual lengthy pathway to the acquisition of surgical expertise. Drawing on evidence from studies of expert and non-expert surgeons, as well as evidence from studies of expertise in other domains, this paper presents a brief overview of the aspects of skill that appear (likely) to differentiate the expert surgeon from the non-expert. Expert advantages are apparent in some specific aspects of the perceptual, cognitive, motor, attentional and feedback-monitoring components of skilled performance and it is contended that it is these elements, rather than elements on which no expert advantage is apparent, that should form the focal points for skills training programmes. Some constraints to current understanding of surgical expertise are also identified and briefly discussed.
Keyword Cognition
Expertise
Motor control
Perception
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collection: Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences -- Publications
 
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Created: Fri, 22 Jun 2012, 17:18:59 EST by Deborah Noon on behalf of Faculty Of Health Sciences