Sustainable Transport: A Project Appraisal Method

Frederik Preisler (2012). Sustainable Transport: A Project Appraisal Method PhD Thesis, School of Engineering, The University of Queensland.

       
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s40152941_PhD_Abstract.pdf s40152941_PhD_Abstract application/pdf 55.53KB 1
s40152941_PhD_Thesis.pdf s40152941_PhD_Thesis application/pdf 805.30KB 10
Author Frederik Preisler
Thesis Title Sustainable Transport: A Project Appraisal Method
School, Centre or Institute School of Engineering
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2012-02
Thesis type PhD Thesis
Supervisor Prof Phil Charles
Total pages 159
Total colour pages 3
Total black and white pages 156
Language eng
Subjects 090799 Environmental Engineering not elsewhere classified
050199 Ecological Applications not elsewhere classified
Abstract/Summary Sustainable development has become a prominent policy objective of governments and organisations around the world. Notwithstanding its widespread promotion, it remains a poorly defined concept with diverse interpretations of what it means and how it should be implemented. The concept has been debated in the fields of economics and ecology for decades without producing a clear definition for use by practitioners charged with implementing policy. Commensurate with the numerous interpretations of sustainability, a wide variety of assessment methods have been proposed and trialled to varying extents. These methods have usually been developed for application at the national level where the whole economy is being assessed. Very few methods have been investigated or developed for application at the project level. Although the confusion over interpretation is carried forward into the field of sustainable transport, the literature appears to focus more on implementing solutions than on trying to define sustainability. Technological improvements and transport demand management are identified as the main ways to achieve sustainable transport. At the same time other research shows that, despite the improvements that can be expected from technological improvements and transport demand management, there will be an ongoing need to construct and operate transport systems. Consequently there is a need for methods that can assess sustainability of transport projects. This thesis proposes a method for assessing sustainability at the project level. The method is based on the simple concept of comparing the rate of resource consumption with the rate of resource regeneration. The distinction is made between renewable and non-renewable resources. A natural regeneration rate is used in the method for renewable resources. For non-renewable resources, an allowable consumption rate is used, which is determined by adopting a 100-year ‘half-life’ for non-renewable resources. The method is demonstrated using two transport infrastructure case studies: a motorway and a railway. The results show that both the motorway and railway are unsustainable because they predominantly consume non-renewable resources, which accords with the general view in the field of sustainable transport. However, the method provides further information that can be used to manage resources more sustainably, including the identification of those resources that are at most risk.
Keyword sustainable transport
project appraisal
Sustainable Development
sustainability
Additional Notes Colour pages 51, 78, 85 A3 pages 143 - 148 Landscape pages 143 - 148, 150, 151, 153, 154, 156 - 159

 
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Created: Mon, 18 Jun 2012, 20:30:33 EST by Mr Frederik Preisler on behalf of Library - Information Access Service