Attribution

Tobin, S. J. (2012). Attribution. In Vilanayur S. Ramachandran (Ed.), Encyclopedia of human behavior 2nd ed. (pp. 236-242) Burlington, United States: Elsevier. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-375000-6.00043-4


Author Tobin, S. J.
Title of chapter Attribution
Title of book Encyclopedia of human behavior
Place of Publication Burlington, United States
Publisher Elsevier
Publication Year 2012
Sub-type Chapter in textbook
DOI 10.1016/B978-0-12-375000-6.00043-4
Edition 2nd
ISBN 9780123750006
9780080961804
0080961800
Editor Vilanayur S. Ramachandran
Volume number 1
Chapter number 31
Start page 236
End page 242
Total pages 7
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Abstract/Summary Causal attributions explain why events and behaviors occur. Researchers typically distinguish between dispositional attributions (something about the person caused the event) and situational attributions (something about the environment caused the event). The current article reviews classic attribution theories and contemporary dual process models of person perception. It presents common attributional biases such as the correspondence bias, actor–observer effect, and self-serving attributions, and describes the conditions under which perceivers are motivated and are able to correct for such biases. Individual and cultural differences in attribution are considered. Lastly, the implications of attributions for motivation, well-being, academic performance, and marital satisfaction are discussed.
Keyword Actor–observer effect
Attribution
Attributional complexity
Causal uncertainty
Correspondence bias
Cultural differences
Dispositional inferences
Implicit theories
Marital satisfaction
Person perception
Self-handicapping
Self-serving attributions
Q-Index Code BX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes The Encyclopedia of Human Behavior, Second Edition is a comprehensive three-volume reference source on human action and reaction, and the thoughts, feelings, and physiological functions behind those actions. Presented alphabetically by title, 300 articles probe both enduring and exciting new topics in physiological psychology, perception, personality, abnormal and clinical psychology, cognition and learning, social psychology, developmental psychology, language, and applied contexts. First edition published 1994

Document type: Book Chapter
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Created: Wed, 13 Jun 2012, 10:42:47 EST by Dr Stephanie Tobin on behalf of School of Psychology