A southern Indian Middle Palaeolithic occupation surface sealed by the 74 ka Toba eruption: Further evidence from Jwalapuram Locality 22

Haslam, Michael, Clarkson, Chris, Roberts, Richard G., Bora, Janardhana, Korisettar, Ravi, Ditchfield, Peter, Chivas, Allan R., Harris, Clair, Smith, Victoria, Oh, Anna, Eksambekar, Sanjay, Boivin, Nicole and Petraglia, Michael (2012) A southern Indian Middle Palaeolithic occupation surface sealed by the 74 ka Toba eruption: Further evidence from Jwalapuram Locality 22. Quaternary International, 258 : 148-164.


Author Haslam, Michael
Clarkson, Chris
Roberts, Richard G.
Bora, Janardhana
Korisettar, Ravi
Ditchfield, Peter
Chivas, Allan R.
Harris, Clair
Smith, Victoria
Oh, Anna
Eksambekar, Sanjay
Boivin, Nicole
Petraglia, Michael
Title A southern Indian Middle Palaeolithic occupation surface sealed by the 74 ka Toba eruption: Further evidence from Jwalapuram Locality 22
Journal name Quaternary International   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1040-6182
1873-4553
Publication date 2012-05-01
Year available 2011
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.quaint.2011.08.040
Volume 258
Start page 148
End page 164
Total pages 17
Editor Michael D. Petraglia
Ravi Korisettar
J. N. Pal
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Abstract This paper reports further evidence from an archaeological occupation surface in southern India that was buried by tephra from the Toba volcanic super-eruption ca. 74,000 years ago. The open-air site, designated Jwalapuram Locality 22 and located in the Kurnool District of Andhra Pradesh, preserves more than 1600 stone artefacts assigned to the Indian Middle Palaeolithic. Sedimentological, isotopic and lithic data along with optically stimulated luminescence ages confirm the site as occupied closely prior to the eruption. The hominin taxon responsible for creating the site is not known, but the stone tool evidence is most consistent with contemporaneous Homo sapiens technologies in Africa and to the east of South Asia. The findings have relevance for understanding Indian Middle Palaeolithic technology, and for identifying the behavioural and environmental adaptations of the hominin group(s) that occupied India when Toba erupted.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online 9 September 2011. Special issue - The Toba Volcanic Super-eruption of 74,000 Years Ago: Climate Change, Environments, and Evolving Humans.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Social Science Publications
 
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