Contact, evaluation and social distance: Differentiating majority and minority effects

Bastian, Brock, Lusher, Dean and Ata, Abe (2012) Contact, evaluation and social distance: Differentiating majority and minority effects. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 36 1: 100-107. doi:10.1016/j.ijintrel.2011.02.005

Author Bastian, Brock
Lusher, Dean
Ata, Abe
Title Contact, evaluation and social distance: Differentiating majority and minority effects
Journal name International Journal of Intercultural Relations   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0147-1767
Publication date 2012-01
Year available 2011
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.ijintrel.2011.02.005
Volume 36
Issue 1
Start page 100
End page 107
Total pages 8
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Abstract Contact research has traditionally focused on reducing negative attitudes or emotions towards outgroups. In the current studies we focus on reduced social distance as an outcome of intergroup contact – that is a person's desire to have increased contact with members of a group – and investigate whether outgroup evaluation in associated with these generalizing effects of contact. Drawing on data from a large sample of secondary school students in Australia gathered from majority and minority group members the findings demonstrate that having contact with an outgroup reduces social distance to the group in general. However, for majority group members, evaluation of the minority group is a strong predictor of social distance and evaluation is also improved with intergroup contact. Importantly, evaluations of the outgroup play no such role for minority group members. The findings highlight an alternate model for understanding contact effects and suggest that reduced social distance rather than improved outgroup evaluations may be more important in understanding minority responses to contact.
Keyword Intergroup contact
Social distance
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online 2 March 2011

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 6 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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