Pedestrian diversity in design of facilities: Development of standard pedestrian equivalent (SPE) factors

Galiza, Ronald John and Ferreira, Luis (2012) Pedestrian diversity in design of facilities: Development of standard pedestrian equivalent (SPE) factors. Road and Transport Research, 21 1: 53-63.

Attached Files (Some files may be inaccessible until you login with your UQ eSpace credentials)
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Author Galiza, Ronald John
Ferreira, Luis
Title Pedestrian diversity in design of facilities: Development of standard pedestrian equivalent (SPE) factors
Journal name Road and Transport Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1037-5783
Publication date 2012-03-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 21
Issue 1
Start page 53
End page 63
Total pages 11
Place of publication Vermont South, Vic, Australia
Publisher ARRB Group
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Abstract Pedestrian traffic flow does not always consist of individuals with uniform characteristics. Disparity in walking speed as a result of ageing is becoming more evident in populations of developed countries such as Australia. Unlike vehicular traffic where diversity is tackled by using passenger car equivalent (PCE) factors, pedestrian traffic analysis has no similar concept. This paper introduces the standard pedestrian equivalent (SPE) factor to normalise mixed pedestrian flow. A microsimulation approach was employed to generate flow relationships with and without older adults in the commuter flow. The walking speed distributions of older adults in Brisbane, Australia, were used as input, and commuter characteristics were derived from design-guide values in order to highlight the effect of increased proportions of older adults on design values. The findings showed that a shift in pedestrian level of service (LOS) was observed as a result of introducing older adults. Additionally, increasing the proportion of older adults yielded lower SPE factors, suggesting that the overall negative effect decreases as the proportion increases. SPE values were higher for narrow walkways than for wider walkways as a result of more blocking and less overtaking. The concept introduced can be adapted to develop factors for design and analysis of constrained walkways catering to older adults.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Civil Engineering Publications
Official 2013 Collection
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 0 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article
Scopus Citation Count Cited 0 times in Scopus Article
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Tue, 08 May 2012, 19:41:55 EST by Julie Hunter on behalf of School of Civil Engineering