Major Australian tropical fruits biodiversity: Bioactive compounds and their bioactivities

Pierson, Jean T., Dietzgen, Ralf G., Shaw, Paul N., Roberts-Thomson, Sarah J., Monteith, Gregory R. and Gidley, Michael J. (2012) Major Australian tropical fruits biodiversity: Bioactive compounds and their bioactivities. Molecular Nutrition and Food Research, 56 3: 357-387. doi:10.1002/mnfr.201100441


Author Pierson, Jean T.
Dietzgen, Ralf G.
Shaw, Paul N.
Roberts-Thomson, Sarah J.
Monteith, Gregory R.
Gidley, Michael J.
Title Major Australian tropical fruits biodiversity: Bioactive compounds and their bioactivities
Journal name Molecular Nutrition and Food Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1613-4125
1613-4133
Publication date 2012-03
Year available 2011
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1002/mnfr.201100441
Volume 56
Issue 3
Start page 357
End page 387
Total pages 31
Place of publication Weinheim, Germany
Publisher Wiley - VCH Verlag
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Abstract The plant kingdom harbours many diverse bioactive molecules of pharmacological relevance. Temperate fruits and vegetables have been highly studied in this regard, but there have been fewer studies of fruits and vegetables from the tropics. As global consumers demand and are prepared to pay for new appealing and exotic foods, tropical fruits are now being more intensively investigated. Polyphenols and major classes of compounds like flavonoids or carotenoids are ubiquitously present in these fruits, as they are in the temperate ones, but particular classes of compounds are unique to tropical fruits and other plant parts. Bioactivity studies of compounds specific to tropical fruit plants may lead to new drug discoveries, while the synergistic action of the wide range of diverse compounds contained in plant extracts underlies nutritional and health properties of tropical fruits and vegetables. The evidence for in vitro and animal bioactivities is a strong indicator of the pharmacological promise shown in tropical fruit plant biodiversity. In this review, we will discuss both the occurrence of potential bioactive compounds isolated and identified from a selection of tropical fruit plants of importance in Australia, as well as recent studies of bioactivity associated with such fruits and other fruit plant parts.
Keyword Bioactivity
Carotenoid
Nutraceutical
Polyphenol
Tropical fruit
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article first published online: 7 DEC 2011

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation
Official 2013 Collection
School of Pharmacy Publications
Centre for Nutrition and Food Sciences Publications
 
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