Determination of Coxiella burnetii seroprevalence in macropods in Australia

Cooper, Alanna, Barnes, Tamsin, Potter, Abbey, Ketheesan, Natkunam and Govan, Brenda (2012) Determination of Coxiella burnetii seroprevalence in macropods in Australia. Veterinary Microbiology, 155 2-4: 317-323. doi:10.1016/j.vetmic.2011.08.023

Author Cooper, Alanna
Barnes, Tamsin
Potter, Abbey
Ketheesan, Natkunam
Govan, Brenda
Title Determination of Coxiella burnetii seroprevalence in macropods in Australia
Formatted title
Determination of Coxiella burnetii seroprevalence in macropods in Australia
Journal name Veterinary Microbiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0378-1135
Publication date 2012-03-23
Year available 2011
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.vetmic.2011.08.023
Volume 155
Issue 2-4
Start page 317
End page 323
Total pages 7
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Many animal species, including macropods, have the potential to act as atypical reservoirs of the causative agent of Q fever, Coxiella burnetii. The objective of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of C. burnetii in various macropod species in Australia. Competitive and indirect ELISAs were developed for the testing of macropod sera for antibodies to phase II and I C. burnetii antigens separately. A total of 500 macropod serum samples from selected species sampled in eastern and western coastal states of Australia were screened for the presence of anti-C. burnetii antibodies. An overall seroprevalence of 20.8% (95% CI 20.8–20.9%) was observed with 30.4% (30.2–30.9%) in northern Queensland, 13.0% (12.9–13.1%) in southern Queensland, 7.1% (7.1–8.0%) in western Queensland and 22.8% (22.7–22.9%) in south-western Western Australia. These data indicated that macropods represented a potential reservoir for zoonotic transmission of C. burnetii to domestic animals and the human population.
Keyword Zoonoses
Coxiella burnetii
Q fever
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online 31 August 2011

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Veterinary Science Publications
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