Posttraumatic Stress, Depression, Anxiety and Stress in Mothers of Children Discharged from Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU)

Huang Shuhui Cheryl (). Posttraumatic Stress, Depression, Anxiety and Stress in Mothers of Children Discharged from Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) Professional Doctorate, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland.

       
Attached Files (Some files may be inaccessible until you login with your UQ eSpace credentials)
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
s40466367_pd_abstract.pdf s40466367_pd_abstract.pdf Click to show the corresponding preview/stream application/pdf 84.82KB 1
s40466367_pd_totalthesis.pdf s40466367_pd_totalthesis.pdf Click to show the corresponding preview/stream application/pdf 1.34MB 2
Author Huang Shuhui Cheryl
Thesis Title Posttraumatic Stress, Depression, Anxiety and Stress in Mothers of Children Discharged from Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU)
School, Centre or Institute School of Psychology
Institution The University of Queensland
Thesis type Professional Doctorate
Supervisor Justin Kenardy
Total pages 129
Language eng
Subjects 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Abstract/Summary When children are admitted into Paediatric Intensive Care Units (PICU), the circumstances surrounding the admission can be extremely stressful for their parents. As such, parents may experience emotional distress that can persist after their child’s discharge. This study, is part of a larger study that examined medical traumatic stress in PICU children and their parents. This study will examine various maternal, child and PICU treatment characteristics that contribute to maternal posttraumatic stress, depression, anxiety, and stress following PICU admissions. One hundred and forty-two mothers of PICU survivors, aged 3 to 17 completed questionnaires immediately after their child’s discharge from PICU (T1). Immediately after their child’s discharge from PICU (T1), 41.1% of the mothers reported experiencing moderate to severe posttraumatic stress. Between 17.6% and 22.5% of the mothers also reported elevated levels of depression, anxiety and stress. Maternal perception of treatment intensity, maternal premorbid physical health, maternal perception of threat to child’s life, and child’s posttraumatic stress were found to be factors associated with all measures of maternal emotional distress at T1. At three months post-discharge (T2), a significant reduction on all measures of maternal emotional distress was found. Child’s posttraumatic stress at T1 was found to predict maternal posttraumatic stress at T2 and child’s exposure to distressing events in PICU was found to predict maternal anxiety at T2. At six months post-discharge (T3), no further reduction was found on all measures of maternal emotional distress. In addition, none of the study’s variables predicted maternal emotional distress at T3. At T2 and T3, there were mothers who reported moderate to severe posttraumatic stress even though they were unlikely to meet diagnostic criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder. A child’s admission into PICU is a stressful event for parents. Immediately after their child’s discharge from PICU, posttraumatic stress is common amongst mothers (41.1%). Maternal depression (18.3%), anxiety (17.6%) and stress (22.5%) were also found in about a fifth of the mothers. Although, a significant reduction on all measures of maternal emotional distress was found at 3 months post-discharge, follow-up care is warranted and treatment should not end after discharge. In addition, support for mothers should not be limited only to those who meet diagnostic criteria as there are mothers who experience moderate to severe levels of distress even though they were unlikely to meet diagnostic criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder. Research should focus on reducing parental emotional distress so that their ability to care for their recovering child is not compromised.
Keyword Maternal posttraumatic stress
Maternal depression
Maternal anxiety
Maternal Stress
Paediatric Intensive Care Unit

 
Citation counts: Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 105 Abstract Views, 3 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Wed, 11 Apr 2012, 23:02:24 EST by Shuhui Huang on behalf of Faculty of Social & Behavioural Sciences