Epidemiology of sepsis in Victoria, Australia

Sundararajan, Vijaya, Maclsaac, Christopher M., Presneill, Jeffrey J., Cade, John F. and Visvanathan, Kumar (2005) Epidemiology of sepsis in Victoria, Australia. Critical Care Medicine, 33 1: 71-80. doi:10.1097/01.CCM.0000150027.98160.80

Author Sundararajan, Vijaya
Maclsaac, Christopher M.
Presneill, Jeffrey J.
Cade, John F.
Visvanathan, Kumar
Title Epidemiology of sepsis in Victoria, Australia
Journal name Critical Care Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0090-3493
Publication date 2005-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1097/01.CCM.0000150027.98160.80
Volume 33
Issue 1
Start page 71
End page 80
Total pages 10
Place of publication Baltimore, MD, United States
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: To determine the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of patients with sepsis admitted to hospitals in Victoria, Australia, including the incidence of sepsis and severe sepsis, utilisation of intensive care unit (ICU) resources, and hospital mortality.

a population-based hospital morbidity database generated from hospital discharge coding.

Setting: State of Victoria, Australia (population, 4.5 million), the 4-yr period from July 1, 1999, to June 30, 2003. Patients: A total of 3,122,515 overnight hospitalisations.

Interventions: None.

Measurements and Main Results: The overall hospital incidence of sepsis was 1.1%, with a mortality of 18.4%. Of septic patients, 23.8% received some care in an ICU. For these patients, hospital mortality was 28.9%. Severe sepsis, defined by sepsis and at least one organ dysfunction, occurred in 39% of sepsis patients and was accompanied by a hospital mortality of 31.1%. Fifty percent of patients with severe sepsis received at least some care in an ICU.

Conclusions: Australian state hospital administrative data reveal epidemiologic features of sepsis and severe sepsis that are strikingly similar to those recently reported from comparable populations in North American and Europe. This suggests that lessons learned in this area may be directly applicable internationally.
Keyword Sepsis
Intensive care
Outcome study
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
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