Comparison of self-reported and audiometrically-measured hearing loss in the Australian Defence Force

Kirk, Katherine M., McGuire, Annabel, Nasveld, Peter E. and Treloar, Susan A. (2012) Comparison of self-reported and audiometrically-measured hearing loss in the Australian Defence Force. International Journal of Audiology, 51 4: 294-298. doi:10.3109/14992027.2011.625981


Author Kirk, Katherine M.
McGuire, Annabel
Nasveld, Peter E.
Treloar, Susan A.
Title Comparison of self-reported and audiometrically-measured hearing loss in the Australian Defence Force
Journal name International Journal of Audiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1499-2027
1708-8186
Publication date 2012-04
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3109/14992027.2011.625981
Volume 51
Issue 4
Start page 294
End page 298
Total pages 5
Place of publication Essex, United Kingdom
Publisher Informa Healthcare
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: To investigate the relationship between self-reported and audiometrically-measured hearing loss in a sample of Australian Defence Force personnel.
Design: Responses to a question regarding hearing problems were compared with contemporaneous audiometric data.
Study sample: 3335 members of the Australian Defence Force for whom anonymised medical records were available.
Results: The sensitivity of self-report data to identify higher-frequency hearing loss was lower than sensitivity at other frequencies, and positive predictive values were moderate to poor at all frequencies. Performance characteristics of self-report compared with audiometric data also varied with age, sex, and rank.
Conclusions: While self-report hearing loss data have good performance characteristics for estimating prevalence of hearing loss as defined by audiometric criteria, this study indicates that the usefulness of self-report data in identifying individuals with hearing loss may be limited in this population.
Keyword Hearing loss
Audiometry
Self-report
Military
Sensitivity
Specificity
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
Centre for Military and Veterans' Health Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 09 Apr 2012, 12:00:53 EST by System User on behalf of Centre for Australian Military & Veterans' Health