Infection control systems in transition: The challenges for post-Soviet Bloc countries

Ider, B.-E., Adams, J., Morton, A., Whitby, M. and Clements, A. (2012) Infection control systems in transition: The challenges for post-Soviet Bloc countries. Journal of Hospital Infection, 80 4: 277-287. doi:10.1016/j.jhin.2012.01.012


Author Ider, B.-E.
Adams, J.
Morton, A.
Whitby, M.
Clements, A.
Title Infection control systems in transition: The challenges for post-Soviet Bloc countries
Journal name Journal of Hospital Infection   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0195-6701
1532-2939
Publication date 2012-04
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1016/j.jhin.2012.01.012
Volume 80
Issue 4
Start page 277
End page 287
Total pages 11
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher W.B. Saunders
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: Just two decades ago, 30 of today’s countries in Europe and Asia had socialist governments under Soviet dominance or direct administration. Intensive health system reforms have altered infection control in many of these countries. However, much of the literature from these countries is difficult to access by international scientists.

Aim: To summarize existing infection control policies and practices in post-Soviet Bloc countries.

Methods: In addition to PubMed and Google search engines, we explored local websites and grey literature. In total, 192 references published in several languages were reviewed.

Findings: Infection control in these countries is in the midst of transition. Three groups of countries were identified. First, Eastern European and Baltic countries building surveillance systems for specific pathogens and antibiotic use; second, European post-Soviet Bloc countries focusing on the harmonization of recently established infection control infrastructure with European surveillance programmes; third, countries such as those formerly in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Mongolia and post-conflict Eastern European countries that are in the first stages of reform. Poor commitment, resource scarcity and shortages of expertise were identified. Underreporting of official infection control statistics is widespread.

Conclusions: Guidance from international organizations has been crucial in initiating and developing contemporary infection control programmes. More support from the international community will be needed for the third group of countries, where infection control has remained a neglected issue.
Keyword Infection control
International organizations
Post-Soviet Bloc countries
Reforms
Surveillance
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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