Low-temperature synthesis of CdS/TiO2 composite photocatalysts: Influence of synthetic procedure on photocatalytic activity under visible light

Shi, Jian-wen, Yan, Xiaoxia, Cui, Hao-Jie, Zong, Xu, Fu, Ming-Lai, Chen, Shaohua and Wang, Lianzhou (2012) Low-temperature synthesis of CdS/TiO2 composite photocatalysts: Influence of synthetic procedure on photocatalytic activity under visible light. Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 356 53-60. doi:10.1016/j.molcata.2012.01.001


Author Shi, Jian-wen
Yan, Xiaoxia
Cui, Hao-Jie
Zong, Xu
Fu, Ming-Lai
Chen, Shaohua
Wang, Lianzhou
Title Low-temperature synthesis of CdS/TiO2 composite photocatalysts: Influence of synthetic procedure on photocatalytic activity under visible light
Formatted title
Low-temperature synthesis of CdS/TiO2 composite photocatalysts: Influence of synthetic procedure on photocatalytic activity under visible light
Journal name Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1381-1169
1873-314X
Publication date 2012-04
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.molcata.2012.01.001
Volume 356
Start page 53
End page 60
Total pages 8
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
CdS/TiO2 composites were successfully prepared by hydrothermal treatment at a considerably low temperature (180 °C). The effects of four different synthetic procedures on the microstructures of CdS/TiO2 composites, such as morphology, crystal structure, porous property and optical response, were investigated in detail. It was found that CdS/TiO2 composites consisted of anatase TiO2 and cubic phase CdS. The hydrothermal treatment of mixed reactant-containing solution improved the crystallinity of both CdS and TiO2. The abundant pores in catalyst particles formed by CO2 gas bubbles due to hydrothermal decomposition of the urea molecules increased the specific surface area and pore volume of the catalysts. Meanwhile, the absorption edges of CdS/TiO2 samples were drastically extended to around 550 nm. The photocatalytic activities of these prepared samples were evaluated by the photocatalytic decoloration of rhodamine B and methyl orange under visible light irradiation (λ > 420 nm), respectively. The sample prepared by hydrothermal reaction with CdS and TiO2 in the molar ratio of 0.25:1 showed the highest photocatalytic activity under visible light irradiation among all samples in this work, which could be attributed to the synergic effects of some factors, such as the excellent crystallinity, high specific surface area, large pore volume and strong absorption in the visible light region. Based on the results of the present study, a reasonable mechanism of photocatalysis on CdS/TiO2 composite under visible light was proposed.
Keyword CdS/TiO2
Hydrothermal synthesis
Visible light
Photocatalytic activity
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

 
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