A randomized controlled pilot study of the effectiveness of occupational therapy for children with sensory modulation disorder

Miller, Lucy Jane, Coll, Joseph R. and Schoen, Sarah A. (2007) A randomized controlled pilot study of the effectiveness of occupational therapy for children with sensory modulation disorder. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 61 2: 228-238.

Author Miller, Lucy Jane
Coll, Joseph R.
Schoen, Sarah A.
Title A randomized controlled pilot study of the effectiveness of occupational therapy for children with sensory modulation disorder
Journal name American Journal of Occupational Therapy   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0272-9490
1943-7676
Publication date 2007-03
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 61
Issue 2
Start page 228
End page 238
Total pages 11
Place of publication Bethesda, MD, United States
Publisher American Occupational Therapy Association
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: A pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) of the effectiveness of occupational therapy using a sensory integration approach (OT-SI) was conducted with children who had sensory modulation disorders (SMDs). This study evaluated the effectiveness of three treatment groups. In addition, sample size estimates for a large scale, multisite RCT were calculated.

Method: Twenty-four children with SMD were randomly assigned to one of three treatment conditions; OT-SI, Activity Protocol, and No Treatment. Pretest and posttest measures of behavior, sensory and adaptive functioning, and physiology were administered.

Results: The OT-SI group, compared to the other two groups, made significant gains on goal attainment scaling and on the Attention subtest and the Cognitive/Social composite of the Leiter International Performance Scale-Revised. Compared to the control groups, OT-SI improvement trends on the Short Sensory Profile, Child Behavior Checklist, and electrodermal reactivity were in the hypothesized direction.

Conclusion: Findings suggest that OT-SI may be effective in ameliorating difficulties of children with SMD.
Keyword Effectiveness occupational therapy
Pediatric sensory integration
Sensory modulation disorder (SMD)
Sensory processing
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Public Health Publications
 
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