Temporal processing disorder associated with styrene exposure

Zamyslowska-Szmytke, Ewa, Fuente, Adrian, Niebudek-Bogusz, Ewa and Sliwinska-Kowalska, Mariola (2009) Temporal processing disorder associated with styrene exposure. Audiology and Neuro-Otology, 14 5: 296-302. doi:10.1159/000212108


Author Zamyslowska-Szmytke, Ewa
Fuente, Adrian
Niebudek-Bogusz, Ewa
Sliwinska-Kowalska, Mariola
Title Temporal processing disorder associated with styrene exposure
Journal name Audiology and Neuro-Otology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1420-3030
1421-9700
Publication date 2009-07-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1159/000212108
Volume 14
Issue 5
Start page 296
End page 302
Total pages 7
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publisher Karger
Language eng
Abstract Little evidence exists on the possible adverse effects of styrene on the central part of the auditory system. The present investigation aimed to study the possible association between styrene exposure and temporal processing abilities. Fifty-nine styrene-exposed subjects and 50 nonexposed control subjects were tested. Pure-tone audiometry (125–8000 Hz) and 3 temporal processing tests (gaps-in-noise, frequency pattern test and duration pattern test) were carried out. Significant differences between groups were found for most of the audiometric thresholds for both ears. ANCOVA analysis showed that styrene-exposed subjects had significantly poorer performances on the frequency and duration pattern tests than nonexposed subjects, when including hearing level and age as covariates. The results of the present research study suggest an association between styrene exposure and central auditory dysfunction characterized by a temporal processing disorder.
Keyword Hearing loss
Solvents
Styrene
Temporal processing
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
 
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