Awareness of common humanity reduces empathy and heightens expectations of forgiveness for temporally distant wrongdoing

Greenaway, Katharine H., Louis, Winnifred R. and Wohl, Michael J. A. (2012) Awareness of common humanity reduces empathy and heightens expectations of forgiveness for temporally distant wrongdoing. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 3 4: 446-454. doi:10.1177/1948550611425861


Author Greenaway, Katharine H.
Louis, Winnifred R.
Wohl, Michael J. A.
Title Awareness of common humanity reduces empathy and heightens expectations of forgiveness for temporally distant wrongdoing
Journal name Social Psychological and Personality Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1948-5506
1948-5514
Publication date 2012
Year available 2011
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/1948550611425861
Volume 3
Issue 4
Start page 446
End page 454
Total pages 10
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, United States
Publisher Sage Publications
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Abstract The present research identified why and under what conditions perpetrator groups expect forgiveness from victims when focused on common humanity. In Experiment 1 (N = 41), thinking about victims as fellow humans increased expectations of forgiveness among perpetrator group members. Experiment 2 (N = 74) revealed the important role of subjective temporal distance in qualifying the effect of appealing to common humanity. Forgiveness expectations increased when a transgression was perceived as temporally distant rather than close. Experiment 3 (N = 70) found that expecting forgiveness was associated negatively with remorse for wrongdoing and revealed reduced empathy for victims as a mediator of the effect. Taken together, the findings reveal that factors shown to encourage forgiveness among victims can also create corresponding expectations among perpetrators. Unfortunately, this process is more likely to damage than repair intergroup relations.
Keyword Forgiveness expectations
Common human identity
Subjective temporal distance
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online before print 1 November 2011.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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Created: Fri, 23 Mar 2012, 16:39:24 EST by Mrs Alison Pike on behalf of School of Psychology