Marsupials indeed confirm an ancestral mammalian pattern: A reply to Isler

Weisbecker, Vera and Goswami, Anjali (2011) Marsupials indeed confirm an ancestral mammalian pattern: A reply to Isler. BioEssays, 33 5: 358-361. doi:10.1002/bies.201100013


Author Weisbecker, Vera
Goswami, Anjali
Title Marsupials indeed confirm an ancestral mammalian pattern: A reply to Isler
Journal name BioEssays   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0265-9247
1521-1878
Publication date 2011-05
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/bies.201100013
Volume 33
Issue 5
Start page 358
End page 361
Total pages 4
Place of publication Bognor Regis, West Sussex, U.K.
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
In a recent publication (see also our recent comment in BioEssays), we demonstrated that marsupials are not, as frequently thought, systematically smaller-brained than placentals. We also showed that partial correlations of gestation length, weaning age, litter size, basal metabolic rate (BMR) and brain size – all adjusted for body size – differ in marsupials and placentals. The difference between these two clades consists of the existence of a partial correlation between BMR and brain size in placentals, which we did not find in marsupials. We suggested that placentals differ from what could be called an ancestral mammalian pattern (we prefer the term ancestral rather than general for reasons of information content and accuracy) by having a placenta, through which increases in maternal BMR could benefit offspring brain sizes.

We agree with Isler’s title assessment in her recent review of our work that marsupials confirm an ancestral mammalian pattern – we hypothesise that it is the placentals that ‘added’ an additional avenue of energetically provisioning the growth of a large brain in their offspring. Also, as advocated by Isler, we took an energetic approach to our work (asking the question as to how the costs of increased brain size are met, by simultaneously testing multiple metabolic and reproductive variables). Isler’s suggestion that allo-maternal care correlates with increases in marsupial brain size also fits our predictions very well. However, we disagree with several other aspects of Isler’s characterisation of our study and her conclusions.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Non HERDC
School of Biological Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Fri, 23 Mar 2012, 15:54:52 EST by Gail Walter on behalf of School of Biological Sciences