Effectiveness of Group Cognitive Behaviour Therapy augmentation in reducing negative cognitions in the treatment of depression in Malaysia

Mukhtar, Firdaus, Oei, Tian P. S. and Yaacob, Mohd Jamil Mohd (2011) Effectiveness of Group Cognitive Behaviour Therapy augmentation in reducing negative cognitions in the treatment of depression in Malaysia. ASEAN Journal of Psychiatry, 12 1: 50-65.

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Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Author Mukhtar, Firdaus
Oei, Tian P. S.
Yaacob, Mohd Jamil Mohd
Title Effectiveness of Group Cognitive Behaviour Therapy augmentation in reducing negative cognitions in the treatment of depression in Malaysia
Journal name ASEAN Journal of Psychiatry
ISSN 2231-7805
2231-7791
0218-3420
Publication date 2011-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 12
Issue 1
Start page 50
End page 65
Total pages 16
Place of publication Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Publisher ASEAN Federation for Psychiatry and Mental Health
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) for depression is popular in Western countries. In the context of Malaysia, CBT has been applied as an individual session in a clinical setting. However, there is limited research in the area of group CBT for depression among Malays. The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of Group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (GCBT) in reducing the negative cognitions that are related to depression in a group of Malay patients.

Methods: One hundred and thirteen patients, diagnosed with depression, were randomly allocated to either a Treatment As Usual (TAU) group (n = 55), or a TAU plus GCBT group (n = 58). All participants completed two questionnaires that measured maladaptive cognitions at pre-treatment, midway through treatment, post-treatment (week 4), and at follow-ups after three (week 16) and six months (week 28).

Results: The TAU+GCBT patients improved significantly more, and at a faster rate, than the TAU group; which showed minimal improvement. The effect size (Cohen’s d) of the treatment group was 0.93 and 96.55% of the treatment group achieved a clinically significant change.

Conclusions: The findings suggest that GCBT, when used in addition to the TAU, is effective in reducing negative thoughts and maladaptive attitudes of Malaysian patients suffering from depression.
Keyword Group Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Augmentation
Cognition
Depression
Malaysia
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Publication date: Jan to June 2011.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 22 Mar 2012, 20:24:01 EST by Mrs Alison Pike on behalf of School of Psychology