Poverty, household composition, and welfare states: A multi-level analysis of 22 countries

Tai, Tsui-O and Treas, Judith (2009). Poverty, household composition, and welfare states: A multi-level analysis of 22 countries. In: 2009 Annual Meeting - Population Association of America, Detroit, MI, United States, (). 30 April - 2 May 2009.

Author Tai, Tsui-O
Treas, Judith
Title of paper Poverty, household composition, and welfare states: A multi-level analysis of 22 countries
Conference name 2009 Annual Meeting - Population Association of America
Conference location Detroit, MI, United States
Conference dates 30 April - 2 May 2009
Publication Year 2009
Sub-type Poster
Total pages 32
Language eng
Abstract/Summary This cross-national study examines poverty of older adults and their household members and relates the risk of poverty to macro-level state approaches to welfare as well as to micro-level composition of households. Data on individuals in households containing older adults for 22 countries come from the Luxembourg Income Survey. Besides relating the risk of poverty to the type of state welfare regime, multi-level robust-cluster analysis considers household characteristics. As results show, persons in households with older adults are significantly less likely to be poor in countries with social democratic and conservative welfare regimes than in Taiwan, an exemplar of limited social welfare programs. Controlling for country differences in household composition increases the differences in poverty risks. Countries with more generous social welfare provisions have lower risks of poverty despite having household characteristics that are comparatively unfavorable. As Taiwan demonstrates, household composition, particularly a reliance on multi-generational households, compensates for limited state welfare programs.
Q-Index Code EX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: Institute for Social Science Research - Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 22 Mar 2012, 16:07:44 EST by Tsui-o Tai on behalf of ISSR - Research Groups