Testing the fear and anxiety distinction in the BIS/BAS scales in community and heroin-dependent samples

Dissabandara, Lakal O., Loxton, Natalie J., Dias, Shavindra R., Daglish, Mark and Stadlin, Alfreda (2012) Testing the fear and anxiety distinction in the BIS/BAS scales in community and heroin-dependent samples. Personality and Individual Differences, 52 8: 888-892. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2012.01.023


Author Dissabandara, Lakal O.
Loxton, Natalie J.
Dias, Shavindra R.
Daglish, Mark
Stadlin, Alfreda
Title Testing the fear and anxiety distinction in the BIS/BAS scales in community and heroin-dependent samples
Journal name Personality and Individual Differences   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0191-8869
1873-3549
Publication date 2012-06
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.paid.2012.01.023
Volume 52
Issue 8
Start page 888
End page 892
Total pages 5
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Gray’s reinforcement sensitivity theory (RST) is one of the most influential contemporary theories of personality applied to the study of psychopathology. However, recent revisions to the theory have implications for known associations between personality vulnerabilities and psychopathology when using measures based on the original theory. A proposed re-structuring of a commonly used measure of the original RST, the BIS/BAS scales, as a proxy measure of the revised theory has met with some support in English-speaking countries. We sought to test the robustness of the new structure in a large non-English-speaking community sample (N = 968) and a heroin-dependent sample (N = 302). Results of exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis supported the proposed 5-factor solution comprising of two “BIS” factors (BIS-Anx and BIS-Fear) and three BAS factors (Drive, Reward responsiveness, Fun seeking) as the best fitting model for both community and heroin-dependent. However, this model showed considerable ill-fit in both samples. These findings support calls for the development of new measures consistent with the revised RST for use in applied research.
Keyword BIS/BAS
RST
Heroin
Clinical
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
School of Psychology Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 21 Mar 2012, 12:53:36 EST by Ms Dayna Smith on behalf of Centre for Youth Substance Abuse