Forest conservation and the reciprocal timber trade between New Zealand and New South Wales, 1880s to 1920s

Stubbs, Brett (2008) Forest conservation and the reciprocal timber trade between New Zealand and New South Wales, 1880s to 1920s. Environment and History, 14 4: 497-522. doi:10.3197/096734008X368411


Author Stubbs, Brett
Title Forest conservation and the reciprocal timber trade between New Zealand and New South Wales, 1880s to 1920s
Journal name Environment and History   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0967-3407
1752-7023
Publication date 2008-11
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3197/096734008X368411
Volume 14
Issue 4
Start page 497
End page 522
Total pages 6
Place of publication Isle of Harris, Western Isles, United Kingdom
Publisher The White Horse Press
Language eng
Abstract A substantial inter-colonial timber trade between hardwood-scarce New Zealand and softwood-scarce New South Wales developed in the late nineteenth century. The northern coastal area of New South Wales, that colony's main timber-producing district, supplied mainly ironbark (Eucalyptus paniculata, E. crebra and E. siderophloia) for use in New Zealand's railways, bridges and wharves. North-eastern New South Wales was also that colony's most important dairying district, and kahikatea (Dacrycarpus dacrydioides), a New Zealand softwood timber, was imported for the manufacture of butter boxes. The magnitude of this two-way trade created domestic timber shortages on both sides of the Tasman Sea, and stimulated conservation efforts from the early years of the twentieth century. Anticipated shortages of kahikatea also forced the New South Wales dairying industry to seek alternatives, including the arguably less suitable indigenous hoop pine (Araucaria cunninghamii), for its butter boxes.
Keyword Timber trade
New Zealand
New South Wales
Ironbark
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Historical and Philosophical Inquiry
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: Scopus Citation Count Cited 1 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Tue, 20 Mar 2012, 20:15:02 EST by Kimberly Dobson on behalf of School of Historical and Philosophical Inquiry