Psychosis in Indigenous populations of Cape York and the Torres Strait

Hunter, Ernest M., Gynther, Bruce D., Anderson, Carrick J., Onnis, Leigh-ann L., Nelson, Jeffrey R., Hall, Wayne, Baune, Bernhard T. and Groves, Aaron R. (2012) Psychosis in Indigenous populations of Cape York and the Torres Strait. Medical Journal of Australia, 196 2: 133-135. doi:10.5694/mja11.10118


Author Hunter, Ernest M.
Gynther, Bruce D.
Anderson, Carrick J.
Onnis, Leigh-ann L.
Nelson, Jeffrey R.
Hall, Wayne
Baune, Bernhard T.
Groves, Aaron R.
Title Psychosis in Indigenous populations of Cape York and the Torres Strait
Journal name Medical Journal of Australia   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0025-729X
1326-5377
Publication date 2012-02
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.5694/mja11.10118
Volume 196
Issue 2
Start page 133
End page 135
Total pages 3
Place of publication Strawberry Hills, NSW, Australia
Publisher Australasian Medical Publishing Company
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: To describe and characterise treated psychotic disorders in the Indigenous populations of Cape York and the Torres Strait.

Design:
Cross-sectional analysis of patients with a psychotic disorder identified by treating psychiatrists.

Setting and participants: Indigenous patients aged ≥15 years in Cape York and Torres Strait communities receiving treatment for a psychotic disorder over 3 months in 2010.

Main outcome measures:
Prevalence of psychosis diagnoses, intellectual disability, and substance use comorbidities.

Results:
171 patients were included. The prevalence rate in this population was 1.68%, higher for males (2.60%) than females (0.89%), and twice as high in the Aboriginal (2.05%) than in the Torres Strait Islander (0.95%) population. High rates of alcohol and cannabis use were found. Comorbid intellectual disability was common and more frequent among Aboriginal patients.

Conclusions:
The burden of psychosis in the Indigenous population of Cape York and the Torres Strait is high. Further research is needed to understand the social determinants of these disorders and to design effective social and clinical measures to alleviate this burden.
Keyword Cannabis Use
Communities
Schizophrenia
Diagnosis
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: UQ Centre for Clinical Research Publications
Official 2013 Collection
 
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