Associations between benefit finding and adjustment outcomes in thyroid cancer

Costa, Rachel V. and Pakenham, Kenneth I. (2012) Associations between benefit finding and adjustment outcomes in thyroid cancer. Psycho-Oncology, 21 7: 737-744. doi:10.1002/pon.1960

Author Costa, Rachel V.
Pakenham, Kenneth I.
Title Associations between benefit finding and adjustment outcomes in thyroid cancer
Journal name Psycho-Oncology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1057-9249
Publication date 2012
Year available 2011
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/pon.1960
Volume 21
Issue 7
Start page 737
End page 744
Total pages 8
Place of publication West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Few studies have examined psychological adjustment in thyroid cancer (TC) patients and no published studies have investigated benefit finding (BF) in this population. This study examined the relationship between BF and adjustment in TC using an expanded conceptualisation of adjustment that incorporated higher order cognitive and motivational states (HOCMS) and health behaviour changes, and a BF measure that accounted for positive and negative changes. Partner ratings of patient's BF and health behaviour changes were examined as sources of external validity for these constructs.

154 TC patients and 32 partners completed questionnaires.

Findings supported the prediction that BF would be associated with greater positive affect and positive health behaviour change, and better outcomes on the HOCMS of adjustment. After controlling for demographics and cancer stress, BF evidenced associations with greater positive affect, wisdom, spiritual wellbeing, and lifestyle changes.


Results suggest that BF is related to health behaviour change that is corroborated by significant others and is strongly related to the existentially oriented adjustment outcomes.
Keyword Adjustment
Benefit finding
Quality of life
Spiritual wellbeing
Thyroid cancer
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article first published online: 17 March 2011.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 12 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Mon, 19 Mar 2012, 18:28:22 EST by Mrs Alison Pike on behalf of School of Psychology