Evaluation of the 1-2-3 Magic and Emotion Coaching Parenting Program Delivered in an Australian Community Setting

Ms Pauline King (). Evaluation of the 1-2-3 Magic and Emotion Coaching Parenting Program Delivered in an Australian Community Setting Professional Doctorate, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland.

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Author Ms Pauline King
Thesis Title Evaluation of the 1-2-3 Magic and Emotion Coaching Parenting Program Delivered in an Australian Community Setting
School, Centre or Institute School of Psychology
Institution The University of Queensland
Thesis type Professional Doctorate
Supervisor Dr. Genevieve Dingle
Dr. Paul Harnett
Total pages 247
Language eng
Subjects 170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing
170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
1701 Psychology
Abstract/Summary ABSTRACT Mental health problems are a major health issue in Australian communities. Research has identified that many of these problems, or the emotional and behavioural risk factors for these problems, develop during childhood. Although many factors are implicated in the development of psychopathology, research indicates that both intrinsic factors (e.g. child temperament and emotional reactivity) and extrinsic factors (e.g. parent characteristics, parenting practices and family environment) predict the likelihood of the development of child emotional and behavioural difficulties. Research has demonstrated that early interventions targeting parenting practices have resulted in reductions in child psychopathology symptoms. As such, parent engagement in the process of developing, or increasing functional and consistent parenting practices is considered of vital importance. Whilst, there are several well-researched parenting programs which may be suitable for use within well-resourced clinics, when families are experiencing adverse circumstances such as accommodation problems, threat of breakdown to foster placement, or early involvement with child protection agencies, often caregivers may be disinclined to commit to attendance at long duration programs. Therefore brief, easy-to-understand parenting interventions may serve an important purpose. It is essential to evaluate parenting programs to ensure an appropriate treatment response for this population, to reduce potential long term negative outcomes for children. Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of the 1-2-3 Magic and Emotion Coaching group parenting intervention in a community setting. This brief three-session parenting program was designed to help parents of children, aged two to twelve years of age, better manage their children's emotional and behavioural difficulties in the context of parenting. Method: Forty-eight foster carers and forty-six biological parents participated in this study within a community support organisation that focuses on providing services to socially-disadvantaged children and families. Caregivers completed questionnaires assessing parent emotion socialisation practices (emotion coaching vs. emotion dismissing parenting style), parent emotional competence, parent psychosocial adjustment, childrearing attitudes that have the potential for child abuse and parent-reported child emotional and behavioural difficulties. Assessment data were collected at three time points, each nine weeks apart. The first two assessment points were prior to the start of the program (Waitlist and Pre-Intervention), and the third assessment point was at nine weeks following the commencement of program (Post-Intervention). All parents/foster carers (N = 98) participated in the three session intervention during the study period. Results: At post-intervention, both foster carers and biological parents reported significant improvements across all parent-reported child and adult outcomes. Conclusion: This study provides support for the effectiveness of the 1-2-3 Magic and Emotion Coaching parenting program, to assist caregivers to increase their emotion-coaching and decrease their emotion dismissing parenting behaviours, to improve the regulation of their own emotions, to develop more functional childrearing attitudes, to improve their psychosocial adjustment and to improve parent-reported child behaviours. Overall, parents reported that they were satisfied with the intervention. This study lays an effective foundation for future development and evaluation of this intervention. Limitations: All of the measures utilised in this study were parent-reported, and therefore future research would be enhanced through the gathering collateral assessments of parent and child behaviours and through the utilisation of observational methods of parent practices and child behaviours. Future research: To evaluate if the short-term post-intervention improvements are maintained across time, through implementation of longer-term follow-up assessments. Keywords: brief parenting intervention, emotion socialisation, emotional competence
Keyword brief parenting intervention
emotion socialisation
emotional competence

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Created: Sat, 17 Mar 2012, 15:41:18 EST by Ms Pauline King on behalf of Faculty of Social & Behavioural Sciences