Is adult education associated with reduced coronary heart disease risk?

Chandola, Tarani, Plewis, Ian, Morris, Jerry M., Mishra, Gita and Blane, David (2011) Is adult education associated with reduced coronary heart disease risk?. International Journal of Epidemiology, 40 6: 1499-1509. doi:10.1093/ije/dyr087

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Author Chandola, Tarani
Plewis, Ian
Morris, Jerry M.
Mishra, Gita
Blane, David
Title Is adult education associated with reduced coronary heart disease risk?
Journal name International Journal of Epidemiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0300-5771
Publication date 2011-12
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1093/ije/dyr087
Volume 40
Issue 6
Start page 1499
End page 1509
Total pages 11
Place of publication Oxford, England, U.K.
Publisher Oxford University Press
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background Although there is consistent evidence that higher levels of education are associated with better health and reduced disease risk, there is little evidence on whether this is true throughout the lifecourse. This study examines whether additional higher educational qualifications acquired later on in adulthood are associated with a reduction in coronary heart disease (CHD) risk over and above qualifications from earlier on in life.

The National Child Development Study 1958 British birth cohort was analysed, with data at birth, age 7 (1965), age 23 (1981), 42 (2000) and age 44 years (2002). The effect of highest academic and vocational qualifications obtained by the age of 23 years, and after the age of 23 years on 10-year risk of developing CHD was estimated.

Results CHD risk among women who left school without any qualifications but went on to obtain some qualifications was lower (0.1% risk) compared with their peers who left school without any qualifications (0.14% risk). Among men, the effect of additional higher qualifications on CHD risk was also negative but restricted to those who left school without any qualifications.

Conclusions Men and women who leave school without any qualifications may be able to ‘catch up’ to some extent with more qualified people in terms of lowered CHD risk, if they obtain qualifications later on in life. However, there are important limitations to these observed associations which limit any causal interpretation of the results.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
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Created: Fri, 16 Mar 2012, 13:40:21 EST by Geraldine Fitzgerald on behalf of School of Public Health