Communities in conservation: Protected area management and enhanced conservation in Bangladesh

Mukul, Sharif Ahmed and Quazi, Shimona A. (2009). Communities in conservation: Protected area management and enhanced conservation in Bangladesh. In: Robin N. Leslie, The future of forests. International Conference: The Future of Forests in Asia and the Pacific: Outlook for 2020, Chiang Mai, Thailand, (143-159). 16-18 October 2007.

Attached Files (Some files may be inaccessible until you login with your UQ eSpace credentials)
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
FoFPaper.pdf FoFPaper.pdf application/pdf 834.05KB 49
Author Mukul, Sharif Ahmed
Quazi, Shimona A.
Title of paper Communities in conservation: Protected area management and enhanced conservation in Bangladesh
Conference name International Conference: The Future of Forests in Asia and the Pacific: Outlook for 2020
Conference location Chiang Mai, Thailand
Conference dates 16-18 October 2007
Proceedings title The future of forests
Place of Publication Bangkok, Thailand
Publisher Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publication Year 2009
Sub-type Fully published paper
ISBN 9789251062050
Editor Robin N. Leslie
Start page 143
End page 159
Total pages 17
Language eng
Abstract/Summary In the last few decades, the natural resource base of most developing countries has decreased alarmingly because of enormous population pressure and extreme poverty. Bangladesh is no exception, having lost most of its forest in the last 30 years. The Government of Bangladesh (GoB) has adopted various approaches to conserve the country’s remaining biodiversity, including protected areas (PAs). However, the creation of PAs alone has not produced positive conservation results as expected, due to a purely ecological focus that excluded the needs of local forestdependent people. The introduction of community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) for nature conservation in PAs is relatively new for Bangladesh compared to other South Asian countries, but it seems to have effected significant changes. The GoB recently adopted CBNRM in five of its PAs as part of a pilot programme in collaborative management. This paper is a case study of the changing trends in PA management, people’s livelihoods and attitudes in and around one of these pilot sites. We observed that some changes have already taken place in forest resource collection patterns and in the attitudes of people in the locality. People’s income sources and dependency on protected forests have also noticeably shifted away from forest areas in the Communities in conservation: protected area management and enhanced conservation in Bangladesh last year. Although gradual, people’s participation seems to be changing the direction of future forest conservation in Bangladesh. We conclude that bringing a larger number of people under various income-generating schemes, clearly defining the rights and responsibilities of the local people in PAs and ensuring more effective governance should be the next steps for the future of participatory management in the country.
Keyword Protected areas
Co-Management
Livelihoods
Alternative income generation
Bangladesh
Q-Index Code E1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ
Additional Notes Full proceedings via ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/011/i0627e/i0627e00.pdf

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Thu, 15 Mar 2012, 17:52:10 EST by Sharif Ahmed Mukul on behalf of School of Agriculture and Food Sciences