The criterion of Greek Language and context: A response to Stanley E. Porter

Bird, Michael (2006) The criterion of Greek Language and context: A response to Stanley E. Porter. Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus, 4 1: 55-67. doi:10.1177/1476869006061778


Author Bird, Michael
Title The criterion of Greek Language and context: A response to Stanley E. Porter
Journal name Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1476-8690
1745-5197
Publication date 2006
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/1476869006061778
Volume 4
Issue 1
Start page 55
End page 67
Total pages 13
Place of publication Leiden, The Netherlands
Publisher Brill
Language eng
Formatted abstract
This essay examines Stanley E. Porter's proposed new criterion of authenticity, the criterion of Greek language and context. This criterion attempts to recover the Greek words of Jesus embedded in the Gospels. Porter presents a robust case for a multilingual Palestinian environment and highlights the value of language tools for historical-Jesus study. Despite this, Porter's proposed new criterion is questionable for several reasons. (1) The character of the Jesus tradition is not conducive to a recovery of the purported Greek words of Jesus; (2) the extent that Greek was spoken in Galilee remains debatable; (3) Porter risks the fallacy of moving from the general to the particular; (4) the Greek-speaking background of Jesus’ dialogue partners does not require that conversations transpired in Greek; and (5) Porter remains dependent upon additional criteria to establish the authenticity of a given logion or pericope.
Keyword New Testament
Greek
Criterion of Greek language and context
Criteria of authenticity
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Historical and Philosophical Inquiry
 
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Created: Thu, 15 Mar 2012, 14:16:22 EST by Kimberly Dobson on behalf of School of Historical and Philosophical Inquiry