Interactions between climate and habitat loss effects on biodiversity: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Mantyka-pringle, Chrystal S., Martin, Tara G. and Rhodes, Jonathan R. (2012) Interactions between climate and habitat loss effects on biodiversity: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Global Change Biology, 18 4: 1239-1252. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02593.x


Author Mantyka-pringle, Chrystal S.
Martin, Tara G.
Rhodes, Jonathan R.
Title Interactions between climate and habitat loss effects on biodiversity: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Journal name Global Change Biology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1354-1013
1365-2486
Publication date 2012-04
Year available 2011
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02593.x
Volume 18
Issue 4
Start page 1239
End page 1252
Total pages 14
Place of publication Oxford, U.K.
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Climate change and habitat loss are both key threatening processes driving the global loss in biodiversity. Yet little is known about their synergistic effects on biological populations due to the complexity underlying both processes. If the combined effects of habitat loss and climate change are greater than the effects of each threat individually, current conservation management strategies may be inefficient and at worst ineffective. Therefore, there is a pressing need to identify whether interacting effects between climate change and habitat loss exist and, if so, quantify the magnitude of their impact. In this article, we present a meta-analysis of studies that quantify the effect of habitat loss on biological populations and examine whether the magnitude of these effects depends on current climatic conditions and historical rates of climate change. We examined 1319 papers on habitat loss and fragmentation, identified from the past 20 years, representing a range of taxa, landscapes, land-uses, geographic locations and climatic conditions. We find that current climate and climate change are important factors determining the negative effects of habitat loss on species density and/or diversity. The most important determinant of habitat loss and fragmentation effects, averaged across species and geographic regions, was current maximum temperature, with mean precipitation change over the last 100 years of secondary importance. Habitat loss and fragmentation effects were greatest in areas with high maximum temperatures. Conversely, they were lowest in areas where average rainfall has increased over time. To our knowledge, this is the first study to conduct a global terrestrial analysis of existing data to quantify and test for interacting effects between current climate, climatic change and habitat loss on biological populations. Understanding the synergistic effects between climate change and other threatening processes has critical implications for our ability to support and incorporate climate change adaptation measures into policy development and management response.
Keyword Climate change
Habitat fragmentation
Habitat loss
Interactions
Meta-analysis
Mixed-effects logistic regression
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article first published online: 8 DEC 2011

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management Publications
Official 2012 Collection
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 118 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 141 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Mon, 12 Mar 2012, 11:31:10 EST by Alexandra Simmonds on behalf of School of Geography, Planning & Env Management