Dairy intake, blood pressure and incident hypertension in a general British population: The 1946 birth cohort

Heraclides, Alexandros, Mishra, Gita D., Hardy, Rebecca J., Geleijnse, Johanna M., Black, Stephanie, Prynne, Celia J., Kuh, Diana and Soedamah-Muthu, Sabita S. (2011) Dairy intake, blood pressure and incident hypertension in a general British population: The 1946 birth cohort. European Journal of Nutrition, 51 5: 583-591. doi:10.1007/s00394-011-0242-z

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Author Heraclides, Alexandros
Mishra, Gita D.
Hardy, Rebecca J.
Geleijnse, Johanna M.
Black, Stephanie
Prynne, Celia J.
Kuh, Diana
Soedamah-Muthu, Sabita S.
Title Dairy intake, blood pressure and incident hypertension in a general British population: The 1946 birth cohort
Language of Title eng
Journal name European Journal of Nutrition   Check publisher's open access policy
Language of Journal Name eng
ISSN 0044-264X
Publication date 2011-08-30
Year available 2011
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s00394-011-0242-z
Volume 51
Issue 5
Start page 583
End page 591
Total pages 9
Place of publication Heidelberg, Germany
Publisher Springer Medizin
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Purpose: We aimed to examine the association between intake of different subgroups of dairy products and blood pressure and incident hypertension 10 years later, adjusting for confounding factors.

Methods: We studied 1,750 British men and women from the 1946 British birth cohort from 1989 to 1999 (age 43 and 53 years, respectively). Diet was assessed by 5-day food diaries using photographs in the estimation of portion size. Systolic (sbp) and diastolic (dbp) blood pressure and prevalent hypertension were assessed at age 43 and 53 years. Linear regression and logistic regression were used to examine 10-year blood pressure levels and incident hypertension by baseline dairy intake.

Results: There was a weak non-significant trend of a protective effect of total dairy intake on blood pressure and incident hypertension, but no evidence for a dose–response relationship (OR for incident hypertension: 0.88 (95% CI 0.68;1.14) 2nd vs. 1st tertile and 0.93 (95% CI 0.72;1.18) 3rd vs. 1st tertile). Higher intake of low-fat and fermented dairy was linked to a higher sbp but in a nonlinear manner. Adjustment for other dietary factors, health behaviours and BMI attenuated these associations.

Conclusions: Total dairy intake and specific dairy subgroups were not associated with blood pressure and incident hypertension among a representative sample of British adults after adjustment for confounding factors.
Keyword Dairy products
Blood pressure
Birth cohort
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online: 30 August 2011

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
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Created: Wed, 07 Mar 2012, 15:31:41 EST by Geraldine Fitzgerald on behalf of School of Public Health