Social connectedness: A potential aetiological factor in the development of child post-traumatic stress disorder

McDermott, Brett, Berry, Helen and Cobham, Vanessa (2012) Social connectedness: A potential aetiological factor in the development of child post-traumatic stress disorder. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 46 2: 109-117. doi:10.1177/0004867411433950


Author McDermott, Brett
Berry, Helen
Cobham, Vanessa
Title Social connectedness: A potential aetiological factor in the development of child post-traumatic stress disorder
Journal name Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0004-8674
1440-1614
Publication date 2012-02
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/0004867411433950
Volume 46
Issue 2
Start page 109
End page 117
Total pages 9
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Sage Publications
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate a new social connectedness factor and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in children who experienced a cyclone disaster.

Method: Three months post-disaster school-based screening for PTSD was conducted. 804 children (mean age=10.22 years, SD=1.24) participated. 12.0% of children reported severe or very severe PTSD symptoms.

Results:
Low connected children, adjusted for age, gender and independent of cyclone exposure and threat perception, were 3.96 times more likely to experience severe to very severe PTSD. A structural model of child PTSD indicated that connectedness was the most important factor explaining variance in children’s symptomatology. The final model accounted for 60% of the variance of child PTSD scores.

Conclusions:
We conclude that child connectedness is a new, significant, independent factor in a model of postdisaster child PTSD. Connectedness may represent a vulnerability factor that can be targeted preventatively in children in disaster-prone regions. Conversely, a pre-disaster intervention that helps children develop high connectedness may have the potential to confer resilience. 
Keyword Children
Post-traumatic stress disorder
Natural disasters
Social connectedness
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 10 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 13 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Tue, 06 Mar 2012, 08:54:14 EST by System User on behalf of School of Psychology