On the resistance to extinction of fear conditioned to angry faces

Rowles, Monique E., Lipp, Ottmar V. and Mallan, Kimberley M. (2012) On the resistance to extinction of fear conditioned to angry faces. Psychophysiology, 49 3: 375-380. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8986.2011.01308.x

Author Rowles, Monique E.
Lipp, Ottmar V.
Mallan, Kimberley M.
Title On the resistance to extinction of fear conditioned to angry faces
Journal name Psychophysiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0048-5772
Publication date 2012-03
Year available 2011
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2011.01308.x
Volume 49
Issue 3
Start page 375
End page 380
Total pages 6
Place of publication Hoboken, NJ, United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Abstract The present study investigated whether, like fear conditioned to pictures of snakes and spiders, fear conditioned to angry faces resists extinction even after verbal instruction and removal of the shock electrode. Participants were trained in a differential Pavlovian fear conditioning procedure with angry face or happy face conditional stimuli (CSs). Prior to extinction, half the participants in each group were informed that no more unconditional stimuli would be presented and the shock electrode was removed. In the absence of this manipulation, participants showed resistance to extinction after training with angry face CSs, but not after training with happy face CSs. Instructed extinction and electrode removal abolished fear conditioning regardless of the emotion expressed by the CS faces. This finding suggests that fear conditioned to angry faces, like fear conditioned to racial out-group faces, is more malleable than fear conditioned to snakes and spiders.
Keyword Preparedness
Fear learning
Electrodermal responses
Facial expressions
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article first published online: 4 NOV 2011

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
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