Objectives : The purpose of this research is to analyse Indonesia’s socio-economic performance as framed by the MDGs targets particularly for education. The expectation of this study is to gain an understanding about a linkage among children’s educational outcomes, household’s characteristics and related educational programmes in Indonesia after 2000. I shall argue that programmes in the education sector and other related programmes will be insufficient for development in Indonesia unless the government also considers the conditions of the household in which the children grew up. Thus, this study investigates factors that determine the children's outcomes in education after the implementation of educational-related programmes in Indonesia and investigates whether there is a significant relationship between children’s educational outcomes and the household’s characteristics.
Method: The Indonesia Family Life Survey wave 4 is used as the main data set for analysis. Multiple regression models using ordinary least squares method are used for the cross-sectional data set. Variables that are expected to have an impact on children’s education are socio demographic characteristics of household, children’s characteristics, regional characteristics and dwelling characteristics.
Findings and Conclusion: This study argues that the educational policies, together with the household characteristics, have significant impact on children’s education outcomes in Indonesia. The findings show different results impacting on female and male children in terms of the UAN scores. The results show that mother’s educational background is significantly important for male children’s education. In addition, ethnicity and religion consistently influence children’s educational outcomes. Also, the higher number of education-related programmes received by a household, the weaker the children’s educational outcome in their basic education. Thus, the policies set up by the Indonesian government to achieve the targets in the MDGs might not be as successful as it has been expected if these programmes failed to deliver benefits to the household especially to children as one of the targets in development.