Which mix? Code-switching or a mixed language: Gurindji Kriol

Meakins, Felicity (2012) Which mix? Code-switching or a mixed language: Gurindji Kriol. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages, 27 1: 105-140. doi:10.1075/jpcl.27.1.03mea

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Author Meakins, Felicity
Title Which mix? Code-switching or a mixed language: Gurindji Kriol
Language of Title eng
Journal name Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages   Check publisher's open access policy
Language of Journal Name eng
ISSN 0920-9034
Publication date 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1075/jpcl.27.1.03mea
Open Access Status
Volume 27
Issue 1
Start page 105
End page 140
Total pages 36
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher John Benjamins Publishing
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Gurindji Kriol is a contact variety spoken in northern Australia which has been identified as a mixed language. Yet its status as an autonomous language system must be questioned for three reasons — (i) it continues to be spoken alongside its source languages, Gurindji and Kriol, (ii) it has a close diachronic and synchronic relationship to code-switching between Gurindji and Kriol, and (iii) its structure bears a strong resemblance to patterns found in this code-switching. Nonetheless in this paper I present criteria which support the claim of `language-hood' for Gurindji Kriol. I demonstrate that Gurindji Kriol (i) is a stable language variety (it has child language learners and a high degree of inter-speaker consistency), (ii) has developed independent forms and structural subsystems which have not been adopted back into the source languages, and (iii) contains structural features from both languages which is rare in other language contact varieties including Kriol/Gurindji code-switching. I also present a number of structural indicators which can be used to distinguish Gurindji Kriol mixed language clauses from code-switched clauses.
Keyword Gurindji Kriol
Mixed language
Language contact
Language autonomy
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2013 Collection
School of Languages and Cultures Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 8 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 29 Feb 2012, 08:55:48 EST by Ms Katrina Hume on behalf of School of Languages and Cultures