Oral cancer and potentially cancerous lesions - early detection and diagnosis

Farah, C. S., Ford, P. J., Allen, K., Vu, A. and McCullough, M. J. (2012). Oral cancer and potentially cancerous lesions - early detection and diagnosis. In Kalu U. E. Ogbureke (Ed.), Oral cancer (pp. 79-106) Rijeka, Croatia: InTech. doi:10.5772/30997

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Author Farah, C. S.
Ford, P. J.
Allen, K.
Vu, A.
McCullough, M. J.
Title of chapter Oral cancer and potentially cancerous lesions - early detection and diagnosis
Title of book Oral cancer
Place of Publication Rijeka, Croatia
Publisher InTech
Publication Year 2012
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
DOI 10.5772/30997
Series Oral Cancer
ISBN 9789535102281
Editor Kalu U. E. Ogbureke
Chapter number 5
Start page 79
End page 106
Total pages 28
Total chapters 20
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Abstract/Summary Cancer of the oral cavity, also known as “oral cavity cancer” or more simply “oral cancer”, affects the tongue, gingiva, floor of mouth, palate, tonsils and oropharynx.1, 2 However, the most common form of oral cancer, oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), can affect any tissue lined with oral mucosal epithelium.2, 3 Oral cancer is one of the most common malignancies in the world, ranking eighth and thirteenth for males and females respectively.1 Typically, patients with this cancer are over 40 years of age, although younger patients with regular exposure to risk factors associated with oral cancer can also present with potentially malignant and malignant oral mucosal lesions.1, 3 Known aetiological risk factors include tobacco, betel quid, alcohol, and micronutrient deficiency.1, 3, 4 Avoidance of these will reduce the probability of normal cells transforming to malignant cells.4 In some cases though – namely, oral cancer in women under 45 years of age, tobacco use and alcohol consumption do not appear to play a role.1 Instead, recent studies have suggested human papillomavirus (HPV) as a possible causative factor in cancers of the base of tongue, tonsils and oropharynx.1, 2, 4 [Introduction extract]
Q-Index Code B1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

 
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Created: Mon, 27 Feb 2012, 13:06:20 EST by Roheen Gill on behalf of UQ Centre for Clinical Research